Chandrayaan detects sulphur, other elements on Moon: ISRO
September 1, 2023
After releasing data from an instrument studying the temperature profile of the lunar surface, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Tuesday said another instrument on Chandrayaan-3 had detected the presence of several elements on the Moon.
Notably, it had picked up signals that confirm the presence of Sulphur whose direct evidence was not available yet.
"The Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument onboard Chandrayaan-3 Rover has made the first-ever in-situ measurements on the elemental composition of the lunar surface near the South Pole. These in-situ measurements confirm the presence of Sulphur (S) in the region unambiguously, something that was not feasible by the instruments onboard the orbiters," ISRO said in a statement.
"Preliminary analysis.. have unveiled the presence of Aluminum (Al), Sulphur (S), Calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe), Chromium (Cr), and Titanium (Ti) on the lunar surface. Further measurements have revealed the presence of Manganese (Mn), Silicon (Si), and Oxygen (O). Thorough investigation regarding the presence of Hydrogen is underway," it said.
Gathering information about the presence and abundance of different elements on the Moon is one of the major science objectives of the Chandrayaan-3 mission, with more than one instrument working towards this end. The LIBS instrument on the rover, developed by ISRO's Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS), uses a high-energy pulsar to generate plasma from rocks or soil. In plasma state, elements emit characteristic wavelengths of radiation that can then be used to identify these elements, ISRO said.
The other instrument on the rover, called Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer, is also meant to study the elemental composition of the lunar surface.
The elements detected by the LIBS instrument are all known to occur on the Moon. This data would add to the existing knowledge. For example, evidence of the presence of Sulphur can reveal insights on the formation and evolution of the Moon. Sulphur usually originates in volcanic activities, and its presence on the Moon can offer indications about the Moon's history and composition.
"The data being put out by ISRO from Chandrayaan-3 needs to be processed and analysed to get more meaningful information. What ISRO is doing right now is to offer glimpses into the kind of experiments being performed on the Moon, and the nature of activities of the various instruments," said Anil Bhardwaj, director of Ahmedabad-based Physical Research Laboratory which has made significant contributions to the Chandrayaan-3 mission, including the development of the ChaSTE (Chandra's Surface Thermophysical Experiment) that is deployed on the lander module.
"For example, the data about surface temperatures that was released on Sunday was just a small snapshot of the readings being taken by that instrument ChaSTE. Those values would be different at different times. The instruments onboard Chandrayaan-3 are collecting a huge amount of data, making a number of observations, and doing several experiments at once. All this data is being relayed to the ground stations. Once the mission is over, scientists specialising in these areas would analyse these data thoroughly. Only then we would be able to tell what new or revelatory findings have come out from the mission," he said.
As the Chandrayaan-3 lander and rover continue to collect data on the Moon, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Saturday successfully launched the observatory that will study the Sun from 1.5 million kilometres away. It took nearly 63 minutes for one of the heaviest configurations of the PSLV to place the spacecraft in a precise elliptical orbit of nearly 235 km x 19,500 km.
This was the first time the fourth stage of the PSLV was fired two separate times to take the primary payload of the mission to the precise place for orbit insertion. During the firings of the fourth stage of PSLV and the coasting phase in between, there were two instances ? one for nearly 25 minutes and another for just over two minutes ? when there were no eyes on the satellite. It was only after a ship-based station and then Kourou ground station acquired the data that the flight path could be seen.
After the precise injection into the orbit, ISRO Chairperson S Somanath said: "Congratulations, the Aditya L1 spacecraft is injected in an elliptical orbit very precisely in a very unique mission mode, with the upper stage of the PSLV taking two burns for the primary satellite for the first time."
Mission Director Biju S R added: "The orbital requirements given by the satellite team were very challenging. We have gone for a new mission descent strategy. We have gone through numerous simulations to validate this and this is the proof. With this, the capability of PSLV has increased manifold to venture into new and challenging missions."
Somanath also took the opportunity to mention that the historic Chandrayaan-3 lander and rover continued to collect data on the Moon, with the rover having moved 100 metres from the lander.
"Congratulations India. Congratulations Isro," said Union Minister of State for the Department of Space Dr Jitendra Singh who was present in the mission control complex during the launch.
From the orbit around the Earth, the spacecraft will slowly be raised by the ISRO team through a series of manoeuvres till it slingshots towards the Sun. The spacecraft will take 125 days to reach its final destination of a halo orbit around the L1 point 1.5 million kilometres away.
The launch of a second big-ticket science mission on the heels of Chandrayaan-3 was interspersed with a discussion with all the science experts whose teams have contributed to designing the sensitive instruments that the spacecraft now carries.
Dr Sanaka Subramanian, the scientist leading the Aditya L1 mission, said that at the time when the mission was conceived it was ensured that it would provide a unique set of data that has not been provided by any other mission so far. He said that the seven payloads onboard the Aditya L1 will help study the Sun comprehensively - it carries instruments that can see the Sun in multiple wavelengths such as X-ray, UV, and visible light; it can study the radiation, particles, and magnetic fields emitted by the Sun; it can also study various phenomenon in different directions.
The scientists said that heliophysicists from not just India but the world were awaiting the results of the mission. The Indian space agency is only the third after the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the European Space Agency (ESA) to place an observatory at the L1 point between the Earth and the Sun.
The timing of the launch was chosen to allow for the best observation window to study the Sun.
"For a mission to L1 point, the ideal launch window is between January and September considering the fuel requirements and planetary positions. The good thing is that the spacecraft will reach its designated orbit in early 2024 allowing it a good few months of observation of the ascending solar cycle and then the descending cycle in 2025," Prof R Ramesh from the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, whose team was involved in developing the scientific experiments that will be carried by the mission, previously said. The solar cycle usually follows an 11-year pattern.
The main objective of the mission is to get a deeper understanding of the star closest to us and how its radiation, heat, flow of particles, and magnetic fields affect us.
Temperature profile of lunar soil by Chandrayaan-3
August 24, 2023
The temperature on the lunar surface drops rapidly with depth, at least near the south pole, the first output of the experiments being conducted by Chandrayaan-3 instruments has revealed.
The Chandra's Surface Thermophysical Experiment, or ChaSTE, an instrument onboard the lander module, has measured a sharp drop in temperatures in the lunar topsoil. At just about 10 cm below the surface, the temperature dropped to nearly -10 degrees Celsius while it was about 45 degrees Celsius on the surface, ISRO said.
Preparing a temperature profile of the lunar topsoil was one of the objectives of the experiments being carried out by Chandrayaan-3. The ChaSTE instrument has a temperature probe equipped with a controlled penetration mechanism capable of reaching a depth of 10 cm below the surface, ISRO said. The probe is fitted with ten individual temperature sensors.
The measurements put out by ISRO form the first temperature profile of the lunar south pole. ISRO said more detailed studies were underway.
The lander module of Chandrayaan-3 is carrying four instruments, while the rover has two. The propulsion module which is in the orbit around the moon is also fitted with one instrument.
"India took a walk on the moon!" the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said on Thursday morning after the rover rolled out of the lander late Wednesday night, hours after India made history with a soft landing of Chandrayaan-3 near the south pole of the moon at 6.04 pm.
Nearly four hours later, the foldable ramp on one side of the lander opened up. And, the six-wheeled, 26 kg lander with two science payloads came out of it. "Chandrayaan-3 rover: Made in India, Made for the MOON!" ISRO said.
The 17-minute descent phase went exactly as planned, with the lander autonomously guiding itself ? slowing down from 1,680 metres per second to almost 0 metres per second, selecting the exact spot, and landing slowly and steadily as the country watched with bated breath.
The mission has already achieved its goals of soft landing and roving, with the science experiments now getting 14 days to operate. With the lander and rover completely being operated on energy from solar cells, they will stop functioning when the landing spot goes into the lunar night. The electronics on board are unlikely to survive as temperatures plummet to -130 degrees Celsius on the lunar surface.
ISRO Chairman S Somanath has said previously that the space agency will check the viability of the lander-rover after the night and see whether it can be revived.
India became the fourth country to land on the moon after the United States, Russia, and China. It became the first country to do so near the lunar South Pole after the Russian mission that was to land a couple of days before it crashed. Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated the country from South Africa.
The Chandrayaan-3 payloads will further the science of the two predecessors by studying lunar quakes, mineral compositions, and the electrons and ions near the surface of the moon. The mission will attempt to study water ice, the presence of which was first confirmed by its predecessor.
First indigenous e-Tractor developed by CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur
August 21, 2023
Launching the CSIR Prima ET11, the first indigenous e-Tractor developed by the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Durgapur, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology; MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh today underlined the role of Agri StartUps in India's economy and called for the adoption of new and AI driven technologies in Agriculture.
The Minister said, an increasing number of new Startups are venturing into the Agriculture sector, focussing on niche technologies including e-Tractor, recycling garbage, drip irrigation, Genome sequenced farming such as Mango and Lotus, he said.
"This is one sector in which India has rather not taken up the pace that was required," said Dr Jitendra Singh, adding, "This is a huge unexplored resource, which is only exclusive to India. Those countries which had been promoting IT, have been promoting from their point of view because they have their assets; they don't have the agri asset that we have. So we don't have to ape them. If I have plenty of agriculture resource, why not I make use of it.. Therefore, this route would be a very important component in India's future economy in the next 25 years."
Dr Jitendra Singh gave the mantra of 5 S's, - Showcasing, Stakeholders, Startups, Synergizing and Strategizing Industry linkage, for the success of R&D conducted at Government run scientific laboratories.
"Unless we are able to engage all these five components, we will not be able to achieve the optimum results," he said.
Calling for an integrated approach, Dr Jitendra Singh advocated close interaction with all stakeholders including the concerned Ministries and wider linkages between the CSIR labs and the Industry. The S&T Minister proposed the creation of a separate cell for encouraging investment.
"In order to sustain yourself, you have to have the involvement of Industry right from Day One," he said. "We have an Industry which is ready to invest, but they don't know where and how to invest," he added.
Dr Jitendra Singh said, the Government led by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has created in the last nine years new means of livelihood by opening Ease of Doing Business in the Agriculture sector.
"We have a very enabling atmosphere and an enabling leadership, which is quite patronising," he said, adding, "PM Modi has not only given us the freedom to perform to our full potential and aptitude, but he has also raised the esteem of science and the scientists."
Dr Jitendra Singh said PM Modi has stressed the Agriculture sector will have a defining role in the Amrit Kaal as India aims to emerge as a Developed Nation.
"In the next 25 years, there is an emphasis on Livelihood opportunities outside Government jobs, this Agri sector is not only going to be an important part of the economy, it's also going to be an important part of vocation for the youth," he said.
On the occasion, Dr Jitendra Singh released a book by CSIR-CIMAP and a compendium on 75 technologies developed by CSIR. The Minister took keen interest in the CMERI developed recycling vehicles and products.
The CSIR-CMERI will be celebrating the theme-based campaign "One Week One Lab" from 11-15 September 2023, showcasing the laboratory's cutting-edge research, products and technologies, expertise and facilities to various stakeholders.
Namoh 108 : New variety "Lotus" flower by CSIR-NBRI
August 19, 2023
Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology; MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh today unveiled the new variety "Lotus" flower developed by Lucknow Institute CSIR-NBRI (National Botanical Research Institute) that has 108 petals. The lotus named 'NBRI Namoh 108' is developed by the CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), a premier plant-based, multidisciplinary, state-of-the-art National R&D center based in Lucknow.
Dedicating to the nation the Namoh108 lotus variety and its products at NBRI, Lucknow, Dr Jitendra Singh said, "Considering the religious importance of the 'lotus flower' and 'the digit 108', this combination gives an important identity to this variety."
The Namoh 108 lotus variety flowers from March to December and is rich in nutrients. This is the first lotus variety whose genome is completely sequenced for its characteristics.
Dr Jitendra Singh also released apparel made from lotus fibre and perfume 'Frotus', extracted from lotus flowers and developed by the NBRI under the Lotus Research Programme in collaboration with FFDC, Kannauj.
Lauding the NBRI for naming the unique lotus variety as Namoh 108, Dr Jitendra Singh said it is a grand gift to the relentless zeal and innate beauty of Shri Narendra Modi, coming as it does in the tenth year of his tenure as the Prime Minister.
Also launching the Lotus Mission on the occasion, Dr Jitendra Singh said this project is being undertaken in Mission mode like the other priority schemes, - the National Honey and Bee Mission (NHBM), National Bamboo Mission (NBM), National Food Security Mission (NFSM), National Mission on Natural Farming (NMNF), National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), Gokul Mission, Blue Revolution, Mission Shakti - an integrated women empowerment programme and the National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) etc.
"Under the guidance of PM Modi, the Government has now initiated the Lotus Mission after the stupendous success of Aroma Mission. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has reiterated that this Government not only starts a scheme or project, but also ensures that it is capped," he said.
In another novel initiative at recycling, Dr Jitendra Singh also released herbal colours for various applications, extracted by NBRI from flower offerings made at temples. These herbal colours can also be used for dying silk and cotton cloths.
The Minister also released the new variety of Aloe vera named 'NBRI-Nihar', a clonal selection having approximately 2.5 times high gel yield in comparison to Aloe vera. As per the field observations, 'NBRI-Nihar' is found least affected against bacterial and fungal diseases. Two herbal products namely 'Herbal Cold Drops' for curing common cough and cold & Herbal Anti Dandruff Hair Oil, made by Marc Laboratories, were also launched by the Minister.
Dr Jitendra Singh also launched a Database of 500 Raw Drug Repositories of the Institute developed as per Indian Pharmacopoeia Standards and released a book on roses in CSIR-NBRI Garden, comprising the details of elite varieties conserved at the Botanic Garden. On the occasion, an MoU was signed between CSIR-NBRI & M/s Nucleome Informatics, Hyderabad for collaborative research on Cotton. The CSIR-NBRI digital Herbarium, a National Repository of flora specimens of India, was also launched to easily disseminate information among the public and a book on 'Plant Resources of Uttar Pradesh and a Check List' and 'e-flora of Uttar Pradesh' were also released. The e-flora and book provide a list and information of more than 5,000 plants of Uttar Pradesh.
The S&T Minister also released the NBRI-Goutout, a supplement for gout/gouty arthritis, and a nutri-bar for army personnel deployed in high-altitudes.
Dr Jitendra Singh also visited the six-days theme-based event organised by NBRI from 14 to 19 August 2023, showcasing the laboratory's cutting-edge research, products and technologies, expertise and facilities to various stakeholders.
Earlier the Director of NBRI, Dr Ajit Kumar Shasany welcomed Dr. Jitendra Singh and lauded him for giving the consent of 'One Week One Lab', which has created a revolutionary transformation in showcasing the CSIR achievements.
Dr Jitendra Singh also inaugurated an exhibition dedicated to nutra-central original byproducts and went around all across each stall discussing the various aspects of it.
The Aditya-L1 mission has attained a new, higher, orbit around the Earth after an orbit-raising manoeuvre early Tuesday morning, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said.
The spacecraft, which is India's first mission to study the Sun, is now moving around the Earth in an orbit of 282 km x 40,225 km. The spacecraft, which had been launched on September 2, will remain in the Earth-orbit for a few days before embarking on its journey to the L1 point in the Earth-Sun system, about 1.5 million km from the Earth. The journey is expected to take four months.
Like the Chandrayaan-3 mission, Aditya-L1 would also progressively raise its orbit around the Earth, gaining in momentum every time, before starting off to the L1 point. The next orbit-raising manoeuvre is scheduled for September 10, ISRO said.
Renewable Energy Technology Action Platform under US - India Strategic Clean Energy Partnership
August 30, 2023
A meeting between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India was held on August 29, 2023, to launch the new U.S. - India Renewable Energy Technology Action Platform (RETAP) under the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership. RETAP was announced during the June 22, 2023 meeting in Washington D. C., between His Excellency Joseph R. Biden, President of the United States of America and Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi Prime Minister Modi, when the two leaders announced the expansion of collaboration on new and emerging technologies to accelerate the clean energy transition. This launch marks rapid translation of the leaders' vision into reality.
Led by DOE Deputy Secretary David Turk and MNRE Secretary Bhupinder Singh Bhalla, the RETAP was established to take bilateral collaboration further with a result-oriented, time-bound technology-focus. It is intended to advance new and emerging renewable technologies with a view toward deployment and scaling. RETAP's initial focus is to be on green/clean hydrogen, wind energy, long duration energy storage, and to explore geothermal energy, ocean/tidal energy and other emerging technologies as mutually determined in the future.
DOE and MNRE outlined an initial workplan regarding RETAP collaboration. Work is guided by five themes:
Research & Development
Piloting & Testing of Innovative Technologies
Advanced Training & Skill Development
Policy and Planning for Advancing RET and enabling technologies
Investment, Incubation and Outreach programmes
During the meeting, the delegations shared information about emerging technology developments in each country, including hydrogen, energy storage, wind, geothermal energy, and marine renewable energy technologies, and clean energy deployment programs.
Going forward, DOE and MNRE intend to enhance RETAP collaboration, including potentially through the creation of a RETAP Steering Committee, joint working groups and collaboration among subject matter experts.
New technology developed to transport of radio frequency (RF) through optical methods could improve digital & satellite communication
August 24, 2023
A newly designed prototypes in the Next-Generation Photonic Analog-to-Digital Converters (NG-PADC) project which can carry out instantaneous frequency measurement, generation and transport of Radio Frequency (RF) through optical methods could revolutionize various sectors, enabling faster digital communication, improved satellite communication, better medical imaging, and Photonic radars.
Analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are critical components for developing the next generation of advanced digital receivers. The limitation of electronic ADCs (EADCs) is that their vertical resolution is compromised at high bandwidths. There are two possible approaches to solve this problem through Photonics.
RF, when modulated on a spectrally rich optical pulsed source, can be stretched in the optical domain through a dispersive medium, thus converting high-frequency RF signals into effectively low-frequency signals. This reduces the input bandwidth requirements of the back-end ADC as many times as the stretch factor of the optical pulse. The other Photonic approach is to use an optical clock whose fluctuations in timing (timing jitter) is much smaller an electronic clock; which is possible with a short pulsed laser. High bandwidth RF signals, when sampled with stable optical clocks, can provide a much higher effective number of bits (ENOB) compared to electronic clocks. It has time-stretched photonic ADC with effective bandwidth 12 times higher than EADC, which enables digitisation of signals with a much larger precision.
An NG-PADC developed by IIT Madras with support from the IMPRINT programme of Science, Engineering, Research Board (SERB), is equipped with a time-stretched photonic ADC whose effective bandwidth is 12 times higher than a corresponding EADC, which enables sampling of higher bandwidth signal with effectively lower bandwidth EADCs.
They have been working with high-bandwidth signals for digital coherent communication where the scaling spectral efficiency is challenging because of the limited ENOB of EADCs and trying to look for fundamental solutions for this problem.
"Our interactions with DRDO gave us confidence to build these solutions since we found that radar signal processing is also limited by the available electronics. We were also approached by our industry partner, with similar requirements. Thus, all these expertise came together for the development of NG-PADC," said the scientists.
The scientists have tied up with Hyderabad based Lightmotif Automation, for reaching the technology to the people.
Revolutionizing Animal Feed: TDB-DST partners with Chemlife Innovations for Innovative Bio-Trace Minerals Project
August 18, 2023
The Technology Development Board (TDB), operating under the Department of Science & Technology (DST), is thrilled to announce its strategic partnership with M/s Chemlife Innovations Pvt. Ltd., headquartered in Bengaluru, Karnataka. This collaboration marks a significant stride in advancing the project titled "Commercialization and Manufacturing of Bio-Trace Minerals used in Feed for Animals," a visionary endeavour that harmonizes seamlessly with TDB's commitment to fostering impactful scientific innovation.
Amid the present urgency for innovative solutions propelling sustainable progress, a crucial dimension of this collaboration aligns harmoniously with the National Livestock Mission?a cornerstone of India's strategic framework. Guided by the Prime Minister's vision, the mission aims to enhance livestock productivity, optimize feed and fodder resources and infuse technology into livestock management.
Aligned with this national roadmap, TDB and M/s Chemlife Innovations Pvt. Ltd. embark on a transformative journey, marking a pivotal milestone in the "Commercialization and Manufacturing of Bio-Trace Minerals used in Feed for Animals" project. TDB's unwavering support is evidenced by its commitment of ₹ 84 lakh, significantly contributing to the total project cost of ₹ 142.60 lakh.
Speaking on the occasion, Shri Rajesh Kr. Pathak, Secretary, TDB, said, "We're thrilled to support Chemlife Innovations Pvt. Ltd. in their pioneering endeavour. This project exemplifies technological innovation and sustainable manufacturing, aligning seamlessly with TDB's goals. As the project advances, it's poised to enhance animal nutrition, transform livestock and poultry & dairy production, and set new eco-friendly manufacturing benchmarks. This collaboration aligns with the National Livestock Mission's objectives, addressing vital aspects of animal nutrition through innovative bio-trace minerals in animal feed."
Driven by innovation and sustainability, M/s Chemlife Innovations Pvt. Ltd. envisions revolutionizing the manufacturing of bio-trace minerals for animal feed, particularly targeting the livestock and poultry/dairy sectors. Anchored by the ground breaking 'Accelerated Natural Bio Transformation' (ANBioT) technology, the project introduces a proprietary nutrient medium that facilitates chelation reactions under milder conditions, aligning seamlessly with principles of environmental sustainability.
Central to this endeavour is the ingenious use of pupa proteins, rich in hydroxy amino acids, offering an economical alternative to imported ligands like yeast hydrolysate and Methionine hydroxy analogue (MHA). This strategic shift not only enhances economic viability but also aligns with India's self-sufficiency goal.
The company's unwavering commitment to quality is substantiated by its attainment of Global Certification for Animal Feed Additive Quality and Feed Safety, alongside the esteemed FAMI-QS certification?a globally recognized benchmark. Third-party validation confirms the efficacy of their developed product 'MinBioZen,' showcasing compatibility and promising results.
Beyond the realm of innovation, this project contributes to the circular economy by repurposing silk worm pupae meal, thereby mitigating waste generated by the silk industry. The company's membership in Pharmexcil augments export prospects, fostering economic growth. Leveraging locally available by-products from the silk industry enhances economic viability, aligning with import substitution objectives and potential foreign exchange savings.
Their comprehensive approach, fortified by global certifications, exemplifies their commitment to green chemistry principles and sustainable resource utilization. Innovative products like MinBioZen address the indispensable need for bio trace minerals?zinc, copper, manganese, iron, and selenium?in optimizing livestock health and growth. Aptly named MinBioZen, the product seamlessly integrates bioavailability and stability, symbolizing their dedication to innovation and environmental stewardship.
Intracity Hydrogen Buses to start Operation in Leh on Trial Basis
August 18, 2023
Towards achieving Carbon-Neutral Ladakh, NTPC is setting up Hydrogen Fuelling Station, Solar Plant and providing five Fuel Cell buses for operation on intracity routes of Leh.
The first hydrogen bus reached Leh on 17th August, 2023 as part of a 3-month-long process of field trials, roadworthiness tests and other statutory procedures. This will be India?s first ever deployment of hydrogen buses on public roads
The first-of-its-kind Green Hydrogen Mobility Project at 11,562 ft is co-located with dedicated Solar plant of 1.7 MW for providing renewable power. A unique feature of this project is that the fuel cell buses are designed for operation in sub-zero temperatures in rarefied atmosphere, which is typical for high altitude locations.
NTPC is committed to achieve 60 GW of Renewable Energy capacity by 2032 and be a major player in Green Hydrogen Technology and Energy Storage domain. The company is taking up several initiatives towards decarbonization such as Hydrogen blending, Carbon Capture, EV buses and Smart NTPC Townships.
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi during his Independence Day speech at Red Fort said that the government has plans to increase the number of 'Jan Aushadhi Kendras' from 10,000 to 25,000.
He said Jan Aushadhi Kendras given a new power to the people special the middle class. If someone is diagnose with diabetes then a monthly bill of Rs. 3000 get accrued.
Through Jan Aushadhi Kendras, the medicines that cost Rs 100, we are giving it at Rs 10 to Rs 15," he said.
The Government will launch Vishwakarma scheme with an allocation of ₹13,000 to 15,000 crore in the next month for those with traditional skills. He said the government is working to increase the number of 'Jan Aushadhi Kendra' (subsidised medicine shops) from 10,000 to 25,000.
Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) Secretary Shri Alkesh Kumar Sharma launched the 'Graphene-Aurora program' at a function in Maker Village Kochi, Kerala today.
The program shall be implemented by Digital University Kerala with joint funding from Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India and Government of Kerala and Industry partners, with the total budget outlay of Rs 94.85 Crore, wherein, Carborundum Pvt Limited joined as one of the main industry partners. Along with the startup products developed, the technologies and products also developed at research and development centers like India Innovation Centre Graphene (IICG), setup at Makers village, Kochi shall be considered for commercialization.
Addressing the gathering, Shri Alkesh Kumar Sharma said that a section 8 company (not for profit) called 'India Graphene Engineering and Innovation Centre (I-GEIC)' shall be set up and the initial operations will start from the recently opened facility of Government of Kerala at Digital Science Park in Trivandrum. It shall fill the gap between R&D and commercialization by providing a complete facility to startup and industry.
The Secretary, MeitY mentioned that it shall nurture the deep/emerging Graphene technology & innovation ecosystem that can guide, develop, implement, and support SMEs and startups to commercialize developed graphene technologies for scale adoption. He also mentioned that creation of a commercialization eco-system for graphene as an emerging technology would help India take a pole position in the world's new material market.
Shri Alkesh Kumar Sharma also announced the progress and contributions of Maker Village, to the development of hardware startups in the country, and assured MeitY's support for the creation of a complete ecosystem for Electronics Product Testing. He also appreciated the outcomes of other MeitY funded Centre of Excellence on IIOT Sensors and India Innovation Centre for Graphene that complements the solutions from materials, sensors to system integration that electronic product development.
Dr Rathan Kelkar, IAS, Secretary, Department of Electronics and IT, GoK; Shri. Suman Billa IAS, Principal Secretary Industries Department, GoK; Dr. Saji Gopinath, Vice Chancellor, Digital University Kerala; Smt Sunita Verma, Group Coordinator, MeitY; Prof Alex James, CI, Graphene Aurora program, and Shri Kamesh Gupta, Co-CI, Graphene Aurora; Dr. P S Jayan, Carborundum Private limited were also present on the occasion.
ISRO transfers satellite bus technology to Bengaluru-based private firm
August 5, 2023
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Friday announced that it began transferring IMS-1 Satellite Bus technology to Alpha Design Technologies, a Bengaluru-based private company. The transfer was facilitated by ISRO's commercial arm NewSpace India Limited (NSIL) through an agreement that was signed on Wednesday.
This technology signals the beginning of increased private participation in the Indian space industry. The IMS-1 satellite bus was developed by the UR Rao Satellite Centre and is a small satellite platform designed to enable low-cost access to space. The bus can serve as a dedicated vehicle for many different payloads, facilitating Earth imaging, ocean and atmospheric studies, microwave remote sensing and space science missions.
The IMS-1 bus weighs about 100 kilograms and can carry a 30-kilogram payload. The solar arrays onboard generate 330 watts of power. It comes with four reaction wheels with a 1 Newton thruster that is good for pointing accuracy with an accuracy threshold of 0.1 Degrees. It was used in previous ISRO missions like IMS-1, Youthsat and Microsat-2D.
By transferring technologies like IMS-1, ISRO and the Department of Space hope to strengthen industrial growth in the space sector by making it easier for private companies to build and deploy space technology solutions.
Researchers working at the frontiers of advanced biological sensors have engineered bacteria that can detect the presence of tumour DNA in a living organism. This new technology, which detected cancer in the colons of mice, can pave the way for new biosensors that can be used to detect cancers, infections and other diseases.
In the past, researchers have used bacteria for many medical purposes, but this is the first time they have engineered it to identify specific DNA sequences and mutations outside of cells, according to the University of California, San Diego. "CATCH," or the "Cellular Assay for Targeted CRISPR-discriminated Horizontal gene transfer" has been described in a research article published in the journal Science on Thursday.
"As we started on this project four years ago, we weren't even sure if using bacteria as a sensor for mammalian DNA was even possible. The detection of gastrointestinal cancers and precancerous lesions is an attractive clinical opportunity to apply this invention," said co-author Jeff Hasty in a press statement. Hasty is a professor at the UC San Diego School of Biological Sciences and Jacobs School of Engineering.
Tumours often disperse their DNA into their surroundings. This DNA can be purified and analysed in labs but it is difficult to detect in the environments where it is released. To develop CATCH, the researchers engineered bacteria using CRISPR technology to test free-floating DNA sequences and compare them with predetermined cancer sequences.
According to the study's first co-author Rob Cooper, many bacteria have a skill called natural competence where they can take up DNA from the environment. The researchers "employed" Acinetobacter baylyi, a bacteria with this skill, to detect cancer.
A.baylyi was engineered using CRISPR technology to detect a mutated KRAS gene which helps colorectal cancer grow. When the engineered bacteria detect any of the mutated tumour DNA, it turns on an antibiotic resistance gene, which makes them resistant to a specific drug. Once researchers find bacteria that are resistant to the drug, they know that cancer has been detected.