Science & Technology Policy
THE DENTISTS ACT, 1948


Act No. of Year: ACT NO. 16 OF 1948 1

Enactment Date: [29th March, 1948.]

Act Objective: An Act to regulate the profession of dentistry. WHEREAS it is expedient to make provision for the regulation of the profession of dentistry and for that purpose to constitute Dental Councils 



ACT YEAR NO: 194816

Section Text: 


CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY


1. Short title and extend.(1) This Act may be called the Dentists Act, 1948.

(2) It extends to the whole of India 2* * *.


2.Interpretation.In this Act, Unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-

(a) "the Council" means the Dental Council of India constituted under section 3 ;

(b) "dental hygienist" means a person not being a dentist or a medical practitioner, who scales, cleans or polishes teeth, or gives instruction in dental hygiene;

(c) "dental mechanic" means a person who makes or repairs denture and dental appliances;

(d) "dentistry" includes--

(i) the performance of any operation on, and the treatment on any disease, deficiency or lesion of, human teeth or jaws, and the performance of radiographic work in connection with human teeth or jaws or the oral cavity;
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1The Act has been amended in:-

West Bengal by West Bengal Act 26 of 1959, Madras by Madras A.0. 1961 and Orissa by Orissa Act 20 of 1972.

The Act has been extended to:-

Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Regulation 6 of 1963, s. 2 and First Sch. Goa, Daman and Diu by Regulation 11 of 1963, s. 3 and Sch. and comes into force in Pondicherry with modification by Regulation 7 of 1963, s. 3 and First Sch. (w.e.f. 1-10-1963).

2 The words "except the State of Jammu and Kashmir" omitted by Act 42 of 1972, s. 2 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

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(ii) the giving of any anaesthetic in connection with any such operation or treatment ;

(iii) the mechanical construction or the renewal of artificial dentures or restorative dental appliances ;

(iv) the performance of any operation on, or the giving of any treatment, advice or attendance to, any person preparatory to, or for the purpose of, or in connection with, the fitting, inserting, fixing, constructing, repairing or renewing of artificial dentures or restorative dental appliances, and the performance of any such operation and the giving of any such treatment, advice or attendance, as is usually performed or given by dentists ;

(e) "dentist" means a person who practises dentistry:

(f)" medical practitioner" means a person who holds a qualification granted by an authority specified or notified under section of the Indian Medical Degrees Act, 1916 (7 of 1916), or specified in the Schedules to the 1[Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 (102 of 1956) ,]
2[or specified in any other law for the time being in force in any State,] or who practises any system of medicine and is registered or is entitled to be registered in any State medical register by whatever name called;

(g) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules or regulations made under this Act ;

(h) "State Council" means a State Dental Council constituted under section 21, and includes a Joint State Council constituted in accordance with an agreement under section 22;

(i) "register" means a register maintained under this Act ;

3[(j) "recognised dental qualification" means any of the qualifications included in the Schedule;]

(k) "recognised dental hygiene qualification" means a qualification recognised by the Council under section 11

(l) "registered dentist", "registered dental hygienist" and "registered dental mechanic" shall mean, respectively, a person whose name is for the time being registered in a register of dentists, a register of dental  hygienists and a register of dental mechanics;


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1Subs. by Act 42 of 1972, s. 3, for "Indian Medical Council Act, 1933" (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

2Ins. by Act 12 of 1955, s. 3.

3Subs. by Act 42 of 1972, s. 3, for cl. (j) (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

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2[2A. Construction of references to laws not in force in Jammu and Kashmir. Any reference in this Act to a law which is not in force in the State of Jammu and Kashmir shall, in relation to that State, be construed as a reference to the corresponding law, if any, in force in
that State.]


CHAPTER II

DENTAL COUNCIL OF INDIA


3. Constitution and composition of council. The Central Government shall, as soon as may be, constitute a Council consisting of the following members, namely :-

(a) one registered dentist possessing a recognised dental qualification elected by the dentists registered in Part A of each State register;

(b) one member elected from amongst themselves by the members of the Medical Council of India;

3[4[(c) not more than four members elected from among themselves, by-

(a) Principals, Deans, Directors and Vice-Principals of dental colleges in the States training students for recognised dental qualifications :

Provided that not more than one member shall be elected from the same dental college;

(b) Heads of dental wings of medical colleges in the States training students for recognised dental qualifications;]

(d) one member from each University established by law in the States which grants a recognised dental qualification, to be elected by the members of the Senate of the University, or in case the University has no Senate, by the members of the court, from amongst the members of the Dental Faculty of the University or in case the University has no Dental Faculty, from amongst the members of the Medical Faculty thereof;

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1 Cl. (m) omitted by Act 42 of 1972, s. 3 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

2 Ins. by s. 4, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

3 Subs. by Act 12 of 1955, s. 4, for cls. (c), (d) and (e).

4 Subs. by Act 42 of 1972, s. 5, for cl. (c) (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

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(e) one member to represent 1[each State 2* * *] nominated by the Government of each such State from among persons registered either in a medical register or a dental register of the State;]

3[Explanation.-In this clause, "State" does not include a Union territory;]

(f) six members nominated by the Central Government, of whom at least one shall be a registered dentist possessing a recognised dental qualification and practising or holding an appointment in an institution for the training of dentists in a 4[Union territory] and at least two shall be dentists registered in Part B of a State register;

5(g) the Director General of Health Services, ex officio;]


Provided that pending the preparation of registers the State Governments may nominate to the first Council members referred to in parts (a) and (e) and the Central Government members referred to in part (f) out of persons who are eligible for registration in the
respective registers and such persons shall hold office for such period as the State or Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.

4. Incorporation of Council. The Council shall be a body corporate by the name of the Dental Council of India, having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power to acquire and hold property, both movable and immovable, and shall by the said name sue and be
sued.

5.Mode of election. Elections under this Chapter shall be conducted in the prescribed manner, and where any dispute arises regarding any such election, it shall be referred to the Central Government whose decision shall be final.

6. Term of office and casual vacancies. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section an elected or nominated member shall hold office for a term of five years from the date of his election or nomination or until his successor has been duly elected or nominated,
whichever is longer:

6[Provided that a member nominated under clause (e) or clause (of) section 3, shall hold office during the pleasure of the authority nominating him.]


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1 Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 3) Order, 1956, for "each Part A State and Part B State other than the State of Jammu and Kashmir".

2 Certain words omitted by Act 42 of 1972, s. 5 (w.e.f. 1-11- 1972).

3 Ins. by s. 5, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

4 Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 3) Order, 1956, for "Part C State".

5 Ins. by Act 12 of 1955, s. 4.

6 Added by Act 42 of 1972, s. 6 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

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(2) An elected or nominated member may at any time resign his membership by writing under his hand addressed to the President and the seat of such member shall thereupon become vacant.

(3) An elected or nominated member shall be deemed to have vacated his seat if he is absent without excuse, sufficient in the opinion of the Council from three consecutive ordinary meetings of the Council or, in the case of a member whose name is required to be
included in a State register, if his name is removed from such register, or if he has been elected under clause (c) of section 3 1[if he ceases to hold his appointment as the 2[Principal, Dean, Director or Vice-Principal] of a dental college, or as 3[the Head of
the dental wing] of a medical college, or if he has been elected under clause (b) or (d) of section 3, if he ceases to be a member of the Medical Council of India or 4[the Dental or Medical Faculty] of the University, as the case may be.

(4) A casual vacancy in the Council shall be filled by fresh election or nomination, as the case may be, and the person elected or nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office only for the remainder of the term for which the member whose place he takes was elected or
nominated.

(5) Members of the Council shall be eligible for re-election or re-nomination.

(6) No act done by the Council shall be called in question on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of, the Council.

7.President and Vice President of Council. (1) The President and Vice-President of the Council shall be elected by the members thereof from among themselves:

Provided that on the first constitution of the Council and until the President is elected, a member of the Council nominated by the Central Government in this behalf shall discharge the functions of the President :

Provided further that for five years from the first constitution of the Council, the President shall, if the Central Government so decides, be a person nominated by the Central Government who shall hold office during the pleasure of the Central Government, and where
he is not

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1 Subs. by Act 12 of 1955, s. 5, for "if he ceases to hold his appointment as head of a college".

2 Subs. by Act 42 of 1972, s. 6, for "Principal or Vice-Principal" (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

3 Subs. by s. 6, ibid., for "a professor of Dental Surgery" (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

4 Subs. by Act 12 of 1955, s, 5, for "the Medical Faculty".

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already a member, shall be a member of the Council in addition to the members referred to in section 3.

(2)An elected President or Vice-President shall hold office as such for a term not exceeding five years and not extending beyond the expiry of his term as member of the Council, but subject to his being a member of the Council, he shall be eligible for re-election.

8. Staff remuneration and allowances. (1) The Council shall-

(a) appoint a Secretary who may also, if so decided by the Council, act as Treasurer;

(b) appoint such other officers and servants as the Council deems necessary to enable it to carry out its functions under this Act ;

(c) require and take from the Secretary or from any other officer or servant such security for the due performance of his duties as the Council considers necessary ; and

(d) with the previous sanction of the Central Government, fix the fees and allowances of the
President, Vice-President and other members of the Council, and the pay and allowances and other conditions of service of officers and servants of the Council.


(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (a) of sub- section (1), for the first four years from the first constitution of the Council, the Secretary of the Council shall be a person appointed by the Central Government, who shall hold office during the pleasure
of the Central Government.

9.The Executive Committee.(1) The Council shall constitute from among its members an Executive Committee, and may so constitute other Committees for such general or special purposes as the Council considers necessary for carrying out its functions under this Act.

(2) The Executive Committee shall consist of the President and Vice-President ex officio 1[and the Director-General of Health Services ex officio] and five other members elected by the Council.

(3) The President and Vice-President of the Council shall be Chairman and Vice-Chairman, respectively, of the Executive Committee.

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1 Ins. by Act 42 of 1972, s. 7 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

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(4) A member of the Executive Committee shall hold office as such until the expiry of his term of office as member of the Council but, subject to his being a member of the Council, he shall be eligible for re-election.

(5)In addition to the powers and duties conferred and imposed on it by this Act, the Executive Committee shall exercise and discharge such powers and duties as may be prescribed.

1[10.Recognition of dental qualifications. (1) The dental qualifications, granted by any authority or institution in India, which are included in Part I of the Schedule shall be recognised dental qualifications for the purposes of this Act.

(2)Any authority or institution in India which grants a dental qualification not included in Part I of the Schedule may apply to the Central Government to have such qualification recognised and included in that Part, and the Central Government, after consulting the Council, and after such inquiry, if any, as it may think fit for the purpose, may, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend Part I of the Schedule so as to include such qualification therein, and any such notification may also direct that , an entry shall be made in Part I of Schedule against such dental qualification declaring that it shall be a recognised dental qualification only when granted after a specified date-.

(3)(a) The dental qualifications, granted by any authority or institution outside India, which ire included in Part II of the Schedule shall be recognised dental qualifications only for the
purposes of the registration of citizens of India when the register is first prepared under this Act.

(b) Where any dental qualification granted by any authority or institution outside India, and held by a citizen of India, is recognised for the purposes of the register when it is first prepared, after the commencement of the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1972 (42 of
1972), the Central Government may, after consultation with the Council, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend Part II of the Schedule so as to include therein the dental qualification so recognised.

(4)(a) The dental qualifications granted by any authority or institution outside India, which are included in Part III of the Schedule, shall be recognised dental qualifications for the purposes
of this Act, but no person possessing any such qualification shall be entitled for registration unless he is a citizen of India.


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1 Subs. by Act 42 of 1972, s. 8 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

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(b) Where any dental qualification granted by any authority or institution outside India, and held by a citizen of India, is recognised, except on reciprocal basis, after the commencement of the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1972 (42 of 1972), the Central Government may, after consultation with the Council, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend Part III of the Schedule so as to include therein the dental qualification recognised.

(5) The Council may enter into negotiations with any authority or institution in any State or country outside India which, by law of any such State or country, is entrusted with, the maintenance of a register of dentists, for the settling of a scheme of reciprocity for the recognition of dental qualifications and in pursuance of any such scheme, the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare that any such qualification granted by any authority or institution in any such State or country, or such qualification,
only when granted after a specified date, shall be a recognised dental qualification for the purposes of this Act, and any such notification may provide for an amendment of the Schedule and may also direct that any such dental qualification as is specified in the notification shall be entered in the Schedule as so amended.

(6)The Central Government may, after consultation with the Council, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend the Schedule by directing that an entry be made therein in respect of any dental qualification declaring that it shall be a recognised dental qualification only granted before a specified date.]


Permission for establishment of new dental college, new courses of study, etc.


1[10A. Permission for establishment of new dental college, new courses of study, etc. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or any other law for the time being in force,-


(a) no person shall establish an authority or institution for a course of study or training (including a post-graduate course of study or training) which would enable a student of such course or training to qualify himself for the grant of recognised dental qualification; or

(b) no authority or institution conducting a course of study or training (including a  post-graduate course of study or training) for grant of recognised dental qualification shall-

(i) open a new or higher course of study or training (including a post-graduate course of study or training) which would enable a student of such course or training to qualify himself for the award of any recognised dental qualification; or

(ii) increase its admission capacity in any course of study or training (including a post-graduate course of study or training), except with the previous permission of the Central Government obtained  in accordance with the provisions of this section.
        
Explanation 1.-For the purposes of this section, "person" includes any University or a trust but does not include the Central Government.

Explanation 2.-For the purposes of this section, "admission capacity", in relation to any course of study or training (including a post-graduate course of study or training) in an authority or institution granting recognised dental qualification, means the maximum number of students that may be fixed by the Council from time to time for being admitted to such course or training.

(2) (a) Every person, authority or institution granting recognised dental qualification shall, for the purpose of obtaining permission under sub-section (1), submit to the Central Government a scheme in accordance with the provisions of clause (b) and the Central
Government shall refer the said scheme to the Council for its recommendations.

(b) The scheme referred to in clause (a) shall be in such form and contain such particulars and be preferred in such manner and be accompanied with such fee as may be prescribed.


(3) On receipt of a scheme by the Council under sub-section (2), the Council may obtain such other particulars as may be considered necessary by It from the person, authority or institution concerned, granting recognised dental qualification and thereafter, it may,-

(a) if the scheme is defective and does not contain any necessary particulars, give a reasonable opportunity to the person, authority or institution concerned for making a written representation and it shall be open to such person, authority or institution to rectify the
defects, if any, specified by the Council;

(b) consider the scheme, having regard to the factors referred to in sub-section (7), and submit the scheme together with its recommendations thereon to the Central Government,



(4) The Central Government may, after considering the scheme and the recommendations of the Council under subsection (3) and after obtaining, where necessary, such other particulars as may be considered necessary by it from the person, authority or institution
concerned, and having regard to the factors referred to in sub-section (7), either approve (with such conditions, if any, as it may consider necessary) or disapprove the scheme and any such approval shall be a permission under subsection (1):

Provided that no scheme shall be disapproved by the Central Government except after giving the person, authority or institution concerned granting recognised dental qualification a reasonable opportunity of being heard:

Provided further that nothing in this sub-section shall prevent any person, authority or institution whose scheme has not been approved to submit a fresh scheme and the provisions of this section shall apply to such scheme, as if such scheme has been submitted for the first time under sub-section (2).

(5) Where within a period of one year from the date of submission of the scheme to the Central Government under sub-section (2), no order passed by the Central Government has been communicated to the person, authority or institution submitting the scheme, such
scheme shall be deemed to have been approved by the Central Government in the form in which it had been submitted, and, accordingly, the permission of the Central Government required under sub-section (1) shall also be deemed to have been granted.

(6) In computing the time-limit specified in sub-section (5), the time taken by the person, authority or institution concerned submitting the scheme in furnishing any particulars called for by the Council or by the Central Government, shall be excluded.

(7) The Council, while making its recommendations under clause (b) of sub-section (3) and the Central Government, while passing an order either approving or disapproving the scheme under sub-section(4), shall have due regard to the following factors, namely: -

(a) whether the proposed authority or institution for grant of recognised dental qualification or the existing authority or institution seeking to open a new or higher course of study or training, would be in a position to offer the minimum standards of dental education in
conformity with the requirements referred to in section 16A and the regulations made under sub-section (1)of section 20;

(b) whether the person seeking to establish an authority or institution or the existing authority or institution seeking to open a new or higher course of study or training or to increase its admission capacity has adequate resources;

(c) whether necessary facilities in respect of staff, equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities to ensure; proper functioning of the authority or institution or conducting the new course of study or training or accommodating the increased admission capacity have been provided or would be provided within the time-limit specified in the scheme;

(d) whether adequate hospital facilities, having regard to the number of students likely to attend such authority or institution or course of study or training or as a result of the increased admission capacity have been provided or would be provided within the time-limit
specified in the scheme;

(e) whether any arrangement has been made or programme drawn to impart proper training to students likely to attend such authority or institution or course of study or training by persons having the recognised dental qualifications;

(f) the requirement of manpower in the field of practice of dentistry; and

(g) any other factors as may be prescribed.


(8) Where the Central Government passes an order either approving or disapproving a scheme under this section, a copy of the order shall be communicated to the person, authority or institution concerned.


10B.Non-recognition of dental qualifications in certain cases. (1) Where any authority or institution is established for grant of recognised dental qualification except with the previous permission of the: Central Government in accordance with the provisions of section 10A, no dental qualification granted to any student of such authority or institution shall be a recognised dental qualification for the purposes of this Act.

 
11.Qualifications of dental hygienists. Any authority in a State 2*** which grants a qualification for dental hygienists may apply to the Council to have such qualification recognised, and the Council may, after such inquiry, if any, as it thinks fit, and after consulting the Government and the State Council of the State in which the authority
making the application is situated, declare that such qualification, or such qualification only when granted after a specified date, shall be a recognised dental hygiene qualification for the purposes of this Act.

12.Qualifications of dental mechanics. The Council may prescribe the period and nature of an apprenticeship or training which shall be undergone and the other conditions which shall be satisfied by a person before he is entitled to be registered under this Act as a
dental mechanic.


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1 Ins by Act 30 of 1993, s.2 (w.e.f. 27.8.1992)

2 The words "of India" omitted by the A.O. 1950

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13.Effect of recognition. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, but subject to the provisions of this Act,-

(a) any recognised dental or dental hygiene qualification shall be a sufficient qualification for
enrolment in the appropriate register of any State ;

(b) no person shall, after the first registers are compiled under this Act, be entitled to be enrolled in any register as a dentist or dental hygienist unless he holds a recognised dental or dental hygiene qualification or as a dental mechanic unless he has undergone training which satisfies the prescribed requirements referred to in section 12.


14. Power to require information as to courses of study and training and examinations. Every authority in a State 1 * * * which grants any recognised dental or dental hygiene qualification shall furnish such information as the Council may from time to time require as to the courses of study and training and examinations to be undergone in order to obtain such qualification, as to the ages at which such courses of study and examinations are required to be undergone, and generally as to the requisites for obtaining such
qualification.

15.Inspection. (1) The Executive Committee 2[may, subject to regulations, if any, made by the Council appoint] such number of Inspectors as it deems necessary to attend at any examinations held by authorities in the States 1* * * which grant recognised dental or
dental hygiene qualifications and to inspect any institution recognised as a training institution.

(2) Inspectors appointed under this section shall not interfere with the course of any examination but they shall report to the Executive Committee on the sufficiency of every examination at which they attend and of the courses of study and training at every
institution which they inspect, and on any other matters with regard to which the Executive Committee may require them to report.

(3) The Executive Committee shall forward a copy of such report to the authority or institution concerned and shall also forward copies with remarks, if any, of the authority or institution concerned thereon to the Central Government and to the Government of the State
in which the authority or institution is situated.


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1 The words "of India" omitted by the A.O. 1950.

2 Subs. by Act 12 of 1955, s. 6, for "may appoint",

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1[15A.Appointment of Visitors. (1) The Council may appoint such number of Visitors as it may deem necessary to attend at any examination held by any authority or institution in a State which grants recognised dental qualifications and to inspect any institution
training students for recognised dental qualifications.

(2) Any person, whether he is a member of the Council or not, may be appointed as a Visitor under this section, but a person who is appointed as an Inspector under section 15 for any inspection or examination shall not be appointed as a Visitor for the same
inspection or examination.

(3) The Visitor shall not interfere with the course of any examination but shall report to the President of the Council on the sufficiency of every examination at which he attends and of the courses of study and training at every institution which he inspects, and on the adequacy of the standards of dental education including staff, equipment, accommodation and other facilities prescribed for giving dental education, and on any other matters with regard to which the Council may require him to report.

(4) The report of a Visitor shall be treated as confidential unless in any particular case the President of the Council otherwise directs :

Provided that if the Central Government requires a copy of the report of a Visitor, the Council shall furnish the same.

16. Withdrawal of recognition. (1) When upon report by the Executive Committee it appears to the Council--


(a) that the courses of study and training or the examinations to be undergone in order to obtain a recognised 2* * * dental hygiene qualification from any authority in a State 3* * * or the conditions for admission to such courses or the standards of proficiency required from the candidates at such examinations are not in conformity with regulations made under this Act or fall short of the standards required thereby, or

(b) that an institution does not satisfy the requirements of the Council,


the Council may send to the Government of the State in which the authority or institution is situated a statement to such, effect, and the

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1Ins. by Act 42 of 1972, s. 9 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

2The words "dental or" omitted by s. 10, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-11- 1972),

3The words "of India" omitted by the A.O. 1950.


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State Government shall forward it, along with such remarks as it may think fit, to the authority or institution concerned with an intimation of the period within which the authority or institution may submit its explanation to the State Government.

(2) On receipt of the explanation, or where no explanation is submitted within the period fixed, then on the expiry of the period, the State Government shall after consulting the State Council, forward its recommendations and those of the State Council, if any, to the
Council.

(3) The Council, after considering the recommendations of the State Government and the State Council and after such further inquiry, if any, as it may think fit to make, may declare that the qualification granted by the authority or institution shall be a recognised 1* * * dental hygiene qualification only when granted before a specified date.

(4) The Council may declare that any recognised 1*** dental hygiene qualification granted outside the States 2*** shall be recognised as such only if granted before a specified date.



3[16A.Withdrawal of recognition of recognised dental qualification. (1) When, upon report by the Executive Committee or the Visitor, it appears to the Council-

(a) that the courses of study and training or the examination to be undergone in order to obtain a recognised dental qualification from any authority or institution in a State, or the conditions for admission to such courses or the standards of proficiency required from the candidates as such examinations are not in conformity with the regulations made under this Act or fall short of the standards required thereby, or

(b) that an institution does not, in the matter of staff, equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities, satisfy the requirements of the Council, the Council shall send a statement to that effect to the Central Government.

(2) After considering such a statement, the Central Government may send it to the Government of the State in which the authority exercises power or the institution is situated, and the State Government shall forward it, along with such remarks as it may think fit to make, to the authority or institution concerned, with an intimation of the period


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1 The words "dental or" omitted by Act 42 of 1972, s. 10 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

2The words "of India" omitted by the A.O. 1950.

3Ins. by Act 42 of 1972, s. 11 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

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within which the authority or institution may submit its explanation to the State Government.

(3) After considering the explanation, or where no explanation is submitted within the period fixed, then, on the expiry of that period, the State Government shall make its recommendations to the Central Government.

(4) The Central Government may, after considering the recommendations of the State Government and after making such further inquiry, if any, as it may think fit, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that an entry shall be made in Part I of the Schedule against the qualification granted by the authority or institution declaring that it shall be a recognised dental qualification only when granted before a specified date or that the said recognised dental qualification if granted to students of a specified college or institution affiliated to any University shall be a recognised dental qualification only when granted before a specified date or, as the case may be, that the said recognised dental qualification shall be a
recognised dental qualification in relation to a specified college or institution affiliated to any University only when granted after a specified date.]

17.Mode of declarations. All declarations under 1*** section 11 or section 16 shall be made by a resolution passed at a meeting of the Council and shall forthwith be published in the Official Gazette.


2[17A.Professional conduct. (1) The Council may prescribe standards of professional conduct and etiquette or the code of ethics for dentists.

(2) Regulations made by the Council under sub-section (1) may specify which violations thereof shall constitute infamous conduct in any professional respect, that is to say, professional misconduct, and such provision shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law for the time being in force.]

18. The Indian Register. (1) The Council shall maintain a register of dentists to be known as the Indian Dentists Register and consisting of the entries in all the State registers of dentists.


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1 The word and figures "section lo", omitted by Act 42 of 1972, s. 12 (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

2 Ins. by s. 13, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-11-1972).

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(2) Each State Council shall supply to the Council twenty printed copies of the State register as soon as may be after the 1st day of April of each year, and each Registrar shall inform the Council without delay of all additions to and other amendments in the State
register.