Science & Technology Policy
THE INSECTICIDES ACT, 1968

Act No. of Year: NO. 46 OF 1968

Enactment Date: [2nd September, 1968.]

Act Objective: An Act to regulate the import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and use of insecticides with a view to prevent risk to human beings or animals, and for matters connected therewith. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Nineteenth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-- 



ACT YEAR NO: 196846

Section Text: 


1. Short title, extent and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the Insecticides Act, 1968.

(2) It extends to the whole of India.

(3) It shall come into force on such date 1* as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint and different dates may be appointed for different States and for different provisions of this Act.


2. Application of other laws not barred. The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any other law for the time being in force.


3. Definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--

(a) "animals" means animals useful to human beings and includes fish and fowl, and such kinds of wild life as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, being kinds which, in its opinion, it is desirable to protect or preserve;

(b) "Board" means the Central Insecticides Board constituted under section 4;

(c) "Central Insecticides Laboratory" means the Central Insecticides Laboratory established, or as the case may be, the Institution specified, under section 16;

(d) "import" means bringing into any place within the territories to which this Act extends from a place outside those territories;
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1 Sections 4, 7, 8 and 36 came into force on 1-3-1971, vide G.S.R. 300, dated 27-2-1971, Gazette of India, 1971, Part II, Section 3(i), Extraordinary, p. 247; remaining provisions came into force on 1-8- 1971, vide G.S.R. 1108, dated 28-7-1971, Gazette of India, 1971, Part II, section 3(i) Extraordinary, p. 749.


(e) "insecticide" means--

(i) any substance specified in the Schedule; or

(ii) such other substances (including fungicides and weedicides) as the Central Government may, after consultation with the Board, by notification in the Official Gazette, include in the Schedule from time to time; or

(iii) any preparation containing any one or more of such substances;

(f) "Insecticide Analyst" means an Insecticide Analyst appointed under section 19;

(g) "Insecticide Inspector" means an Insecticide Inspector appointed under section 20;

(h) "label" means any written, printed or graphic matter on the immediate package and on every other covering in which the package is placed or packed and includes any written, printed or graphic matter accompanying the insecticide;

(i) "licensing officer" means a licensing officer appointed under section 12;

(j) "manufacture", in relation to any insecticide, includes-
-

(i) any process or past of a process for making, altering, finishing, packing, labelling, breaking up or otherwise treating or adopting any insecticide with a view to its sale, distribution or use but does not include the packing or breaking up of any insecticide
in the ordinary course of retail business; and

(ii) any process by which a preparation containing an insecticide is formulated;

(k) "misbranded"--an insecticide shall be deemed to the misbranded--

(i) if its label contains any statement, design or graphic representation relating thereto which is false or misleading in any material particular, or if its package is otherwise deceptive in respect of its contents; or

(ii) if it is an imitation of, or is sold under the name of, another insecticide; or

(iii) if its label does not contain a warning or caution which may be necessary and sufficient, if complied with, to prevent risk to human beings or animals;

(iv) if any word, statement or other information required by or under this Act to appear on the label is not displayed thereon in such conspicuous manner as the other words, statements, designs or graphic matter have been displayed on the label and in such terms as to
render it likely to be read and understood by any ordinary individual under customary conditions of purchase and use; or

(v) if it is not packed or labelled as required by or under this Act; or 

(vi) if it is not registered in the manner required by or under this Act; or

(vii) if the label contains any reference to registration other than the registration number; or

(viii) if the insecticide has a toxicity which is higher than the level prescribed or is mixed or packed with any substance so as to alter its nature or quality or contains any substance which is not included in the registration;

(l) "package" means a box, bottle, casket, tin, barrel, case, receptacle, sack, bag, wrapper, or other thing in which an insecticide is placed or packed;

(m) "premises" means any land, shop, stall or place where any insecticide is sold or manufactured or stored or used, and includes any vehicle carrying insecticides;

(n) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(o) "registered", with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means registered under this Act;
(p) "sale", with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means the sale of any insecticide, whether for cash or on credit and whether by wholesale or retail, and includes an agreement for sale, an offer for sale, the exposing for sale or having in possession
for sale of any insecticide and includes also an attempt to sell any such insecticide;

(q) "State Government", in relation to a Union territory, means the administrator thereof;

(r) "worker" means a person employed under a contract of service or apprenticeship.



4. The Central Insecticides Board. (1) The Central Government shall, as soon as may be, constitute a Board to be called the Central Insecticides Board to advise the Central Government and State Governments on technical matters arising out of the administration of
this Act and to carry out the other functions assigned to the Board by or under this Act.

(2) The matters on which the Board may advise under sub-section
(1) shall include matters relating to--

(a) the risk to human beings or animals involved in the use of insecticides and the safety measures necessary to prevent such risk;

(b) the manufacture, sale, storage, transport and distribution of insecticides with a view to ensure safety to human beings or animals.

(3) The Board shall consist of the following members, namely:--

(i) the Director General of Health Services, ex officio, who shall be the Chairman;

(ii) the Drugs Controller, India, ex officio;

(iii) the Plant Protection Adviser to the Government of India, ex officio; 

(iv) the Director of Storage and Inspection, Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Community Development and Co- operation (Department of Food), ex officio;

(v) the Chief Adviser of Factories, ex officio;

(vi) the Director, National Institute of Communicable Diseases, ex officio;

(vii) the Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, ex officio;

(viii) the Director General, Indian Council of Medical Research, ex officio;

(ix) the Director, Zoological Survey of India, ex officio;

(x) the Director General, Indian Standards Institution, ex officio;

(xi) the Director General of Shipping or, in his absence, the Deputy Director General of Shipping, Ministry of Transport and Shipping, ex officio;

(xii) the Joint Director, Traffic (General), Ministry of Railways (Railway Board), ex officio;

(xiii) the Secretary, Central committee for Food Standards, ex officio;

1*["(xiiia) the Animal Husbandry Commissioner, Department of Agriculture, ex officio;

(xiiib) the Joint Commissioner (Fisheries), Department of Agriculture, ex officio;

(xiiic) the Deputy Inspector General of Forests (Wild Life), Department of Agriculture, ex officio;

(xiiid) the Industrial Adviser (Chemicals), Directorate General of Technical Development, ex officio;"]

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1 Ins. by Act 24 of 1977, s. 2.

(xiv) one person to represent the Ministry of Petroleum and Chemicals, to be nominated by the Central Government;

(xv) one pharmacologist to be nominated by the Central Government;

(xvi) one medical toxicologist to be nominated by the Central Government;

(xvii) one person who shall be in charge of the department dealing with public health in a State, to be nominated by the Central Government;

(xviii) two persons who shall be Directors of Agriculture in States, to be nominated by the Central Government;

(xix) four persons, one of whom shall be an expert in industrial health and occupational hazards, to be nominated by the Central Government;

(xx) one person to represent the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, to be nominated by the Central Government.

1*[(xxi) one ecologist to be nominated by the Central Government.]

(4) The persons nominated under clauses (xiv) to 1*[(xxi)] inclusive, of sub-section (3) shall, unless their seats become vacant earlier by resignation, death or otherwise, hold office for three years from the date of their nomination, but shall be eligible for renomination:

Provided that the persons nominated under clauses (xvii) and (xviii) shall hold office only for so long as they hold the appointments by virtue of which their nominations were made.

2*[(5) No act or proceeding of the Board, the Registration Committee or any Committee appointed under section 6, shall be called in question on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, the Board, the Registration
Committee or such Committee, as the case may be.]


5. Registration Committee. (1) The Central Government shall constitute a Registration Committee consisting of a Chairman, and not more than five persons who shall be members of the Board (including the Drugs Controller, India and the Plant Protection Adviser to the
Government of India)--

(i) to register insecticides after scrutinising their formulae and verifying claims made by the importer or the manufacturer, as the case may be, as regards their efficacy and safety to human beings and animals; and

(ii) to perform such other functions as are assigned to it by or under this Act.

(2) Where the Chairman is not a member of the Board, his term of office and other conditions of service shall be such as may be determined by the Central Government.
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1 Ins. by Act 24 of 1977, s. 2.
2 Subs. by s. 2, ibid.

(3) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (2), a member of the Registration Committee shall hold office for so long as he is a member of the Board.

(4) The Committee may also co-opt such number of experts and for such purpose or period as it may deem fit, but any expert so coopted shall have no right to vote.

(5) The Registration Committee shall regulate its own procedure and the conduct of business to be transacted by it.


6. Other committees. The Board may appoint such committees as it deems fit and may appoint to them persons who are not members of the Board, to exercise such powers and perform such duties as may, subject to such conditions, if any, as the Board may impose, be delegated to them by the Board.


7. Procedure for Board. The Board may, subject to the previous approval of the Central Government, make bye-laws for the purpose of regulating its own procedure and the procedure of any committee thereof and the conduct of all business to be transacted by it or such committee.


8. Secretary and other officers. The Central Government shall-- 

(i) appoint a person to be the Secretary of the Board who shall also function as Secretary to the Registration Committee; and

(ii) provide the Board and the Registration Committee with such technical and other staff as the Central Government considers necessary.


9. Registration of insecticides. (1) Any person desiring to import or manufacture any insecticide may apply to the Registration Committee for the registration of such insecticide and there shall be a separate application for each such insecticide:

Provided that any person engaged in the business of import or manufacture of any insecticide immediately before the commencement of this section shall make an application to the Registration Committee within a period of 1*[Seventeen months] from the date of such
commencement for the registration of any insecticide which he has been importing or manufacturing before that date:
 
1*["Provided further that where any person referred to in the preceding proviso fails to make an application under that proviso within the period specified therein, he may make such application at any time thereafter on payment of a penalty of one hundred rupees for
every month or part thereof after the expiry of such period for the registration of each such insecticide."]

(2) Every application under sub-section (1) shall be made in such form and contain such particulars as may be prescribed.
 
(3) On receipt of any such application for the registration of an insecticide, the Committee may, after such enquiry at it deems fit and after satisfying itself that the insecticide to which the applica-
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1 Subs. & ins. by Act 46 of 1972, s. 2. (w.e.f. 1-8-1971).



tion relates conforms to the claims made by the importer or by the manufacturer, as the case may be, as regards the efficacy of the 1*[on such conditions as may be specified by it"] and on payment of such fee as may be prescribed, the insecticide, allot a registration
number thereto and issue a certificate of registration in token thereof within a period of twelve months from the date of receipt of the application:

Provided that the Committee may, if it is unable within the said period to arrive at a decision on the basis of the materials placed before it, extend the period by a further period not exceeding six months:

Provided further that if the Committee is of opinion that the precautions claimed by the applicant as being sufficient to ensure safety to human beings or animals are not such as can be easily observed or that notwithstanding the observance of such precautions
the use of the insecticide involves serious risk to human beings or animals, it may refuse to register the insecticide.

1*["(3A) In the case of applications received by it prior to the 31st day of March, 1975, notwithstanding the expiry of the period specified in sub-section (3) for the disposal of such applications, it shall be lawful and shall be deemed always to have been lawful for the
Registration Committee to dispose of such applications at any time after such expiry but within a period of one year from the commencement of the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977:

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall be deemed to make any contravention before the commencement of the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977, of a condition of a certificate of registration granted before such commencement, an offence punishable under this Act.

(3B) Where the Registration Committee is of opinion that the insecticide is being introduced for the first time in India, it may, pending any enquiry, register it provisionally for a period of two years on such conditions as may be specified by it.
 
(3C) The Registration Committee may, having regard to the efficacy of the insecticide and its safety to human beings and animals, vary the conditions subject to which a certificate of
registration has been granted and may for that purpose require the certificate-holder by notice in writing to deliver up the certificate to it within such time as may be specified in the notice."]

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, where an insecticide has been registered on the application of any person, any other person desiring to import or manufacture the insecticide or engaged in the business of, import or manufacture thereof shall on application and on payment of prescribed fee be allotted a registration number and granted a certificate of registration in  respect thereof on the same conditions on which the insecticide was originally registered.


10. Appeal against non-registration or cancellation. Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Registration Committee under section 9 may, within a period of thirty days from the date on which the decision is communicated to him, appeal in the prescribed manner and
on payment of the prescribed fee to the Central Government whose decision thereon shall be final:

Provided that the Central Government may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period, if it is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal in time.


11. Power of revision of Central Government. The Central Government may at any time, call for the record relating to any case in which the Registration Committee has given a decision under section 9 for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the legality or propriety of any such decision and may pass any such order in relation thereto as it thinks fit:

Provided that no such order shall be passed after the expiry of one year from the date of the decision:

Provided further that the Central Government shall not pass any order prejudicial to any person unless that person has had a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the proposed order.
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1 Subs. & Ins. by Act 24 of 1977, s. 3.



12. Licensing officers. The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint such persons as it thinks fit to be licensing officers for the purposes of this Act and define the areas in respect of which they shall exercise jurisdiction.


13. Grant of licence. (1) Any person desiring to manufacture or to sell, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute any insecticide 2*["or to undertake commercial pest control operations with the use of any insecticide,"] may make an application to the licensing officer for
the grant of a licence:

Provided that any person engaged in the business of manufacturing or selling, stocking or exhibiting for sale or distributing any insecticide immediately before the commencement of this section shall make an application to the licensing officer for the grant of a licence within a period of 1*[Seventeen months] from the date of such commencement:

2*["Provided further that any person engaged in the commercial pest control operations immediately before the commencement of the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977, shall make an application to the licensing officer for the grant of a licence within a period of six
months from the commencement of the said Act."]

(2) Every application under sub-section (1) shall be made in such form and shall contain such particulars as may be prescribed.

(3) On receipt of any such application for the grant of a licence, the licensing officer may grant a licence in such form, on such conditions and on payment of such fee as may be prescribed.

(4) A licence granted under this section shall be valid for the period specified therein and may be renewed from time to time for such period and on payment of such fee as may be prescribed:

Provided that where a licence has been granted to any person who has made an application under 2*["the first proviso or, as the case   may be, the second proviso"] to sub-section (1), that licence shall be deemed to be cancelled in relation to any insecticide, the application
for registration where of has been refused or the registration whereof has been cancelled, under this Act, with effect from the date on which such refusal or cancellation is notified in the Official Gazette.

2*["(5) In prescribing fees for the grant or renewal of licences under this section, different fees may be prescribed for the sale or distribution of insecticides for purposes of domestic use and for other purposes."]


14. Revocation, suspension and amendment of licences. (1) If the licensing officer is satisfied, either on a reference made to him in this behalf or otherwise, that--

(a) the licence granted under section 13 has been granted because of misrepresentation as to an essential fact; or

(b) the holder of a licence has failed to  comply with the conditions subject to which the licence was granted or has contravened any of the provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder,

then, without prejudice to any other penalty to which the holder of the licence may be liable under this Act, the licensing officer may, after giving the holder of the licence an opportunity of showing cause, revoke or suspend the licence.
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1 Subs. by Act 46 of 1972, s. 3 (w.e.f. 1-8-1971).
2 Ins. & subs. by Act 24 of 1977, s. 4.


(2) Subject to any rules that may be made in this behalf, the licensing officer may also vary or amend a licence granted under section 13.


15. Appeal against the decision of a licensing officer. (1) Any person aggrieved by a decision of a licensing officer under section 13 [except under the proviso to sub-section (4)] or section 14 may, within a period of thirty days from the date on which the decision is
communicated to him, appeal to such authority in such manner and on payment of such fee as may be prescribed: 

Provided that the appellate authority may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period if it is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal in time.

(2) On receipt of an appeal under sub-section (1), the appellate authority shall, after giving the appellant an opportunity of showing cause, dispose of the appeal ordinarily within a period of six months and the decision of the appellate authority shall be final.


16. Central Insecticides Laboratory. The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, establish a Central Insecticides Laboratory under the control of a Director to be appointed by the Central Government to carry out the functions entrusted to it by or under this Act:

Provided that if the Central Government so directs by a notification in the Official Gazette, the functions of the Central Insecticides Laboratory shall, to such extent as may be specified in the notification, be carried out at any such institution as may be specified therein and thereupon the functions of the Director of the Central Insecticides Laboratory shall to the extent so specified be exercised by the head of that institution.


17. Prohibition of import and manufacture of certain insecticides. (1) No person shall, himself or by any person on his behalf, import or manufacture--

(a) any misbranded insecticide;

(b) any insecticide the sale, distribution or use of which is for the time being prohibited under section 27;

(c) any insecticide except in accordance with the conditions on which it was registered;

(d) any insecticide in contravention of any other provision of this Act or of any rule made thereunder:

Provided that any person who has applied for registration of an insecticide 2*[under any of the provision] to sub-section (1) of section 9 may continue to import or manufacture any such insecticide and such
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1 Subs. by Act 46 of 1972, s. 4 (w.e.f. 1-8-1971).


insecticide shall not be deemed to be a misbranded insecticide within the meaning of sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (vii) or sub-clause (viii) of clause (k) of section 3, until he has been informed by the Registration Committee of its decision to refuse to register the said
insecticide.

(2) No person shall, himself or by any person on his behalf, manufacture any insecticide except under, and in accordance with the conditions of, a licence issued for such purpose under this Act.


18. Prohibition of sale, etc., of certain insecticides. (1) No person shall, himself or by any person on his behalf, sell, stock or exhibit for sale, distribute, 2*["transport, use, or cause to be used"] by any worker--

(a) any insecticide which is not registered under this Act;

(b) any insecticide, the sale, distribution or use of which is for the time being prohibited under section 27;

(c) any insecticide in contravention of any other provision  of this Act or of any rule made thereunder.

(2) No person shall, himself or by any person on his behalf, sell, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute 2*["or use for commercial pest control operations"] any insecticide except under, and in accordance with the conditions of, a licence issued for such purpose under this Act.

Explanation.--For the purposes of this section an insecticide in respect of which any person has applied for a certificate of registration 1*[under any of the provisos] to sub-section (1) of
section 9, shall be deemed to be registered till the date on which the refusal to register such insecticide is notified in the Official Gazette.


19. Insecticide analysts. The Central Government or a State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint persons in such number as if thinks fit and possessing such technical and other qualifications as may be prescribed to be Insecticide
Analysts for such areas and in respect of such insecticides or class of insecticides as may be specified in the notification:

Provided that no person who has any financial interest in the manufacture, import or sale of any insecticide, shall be so appointed.


20. Insecticide Inspectors. (1) The Central Government or a State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint persons in such number as it thinks fit and possessing such technical and other qualifications as may be prescribed to be Insecticide
Inspectors for such areas as may be specified in the notification:
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1 Subs. by Act 46 of 1972, s. 5 (w.e.f. 1-8-1971).
2 Subs. & Ins. by Act 24 of 1977, s. 5.



Provided that any person who does not possess the required qualifications may be so appointed only for the purposes of clause (a) and clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 21:

Provided further that no person who has any financial interest in the manufacture, import or sale of any insecticide shall be so appointed. 

(2) Every Insecticide Inspector shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) and shall be officially subordinate to such authority as the Government appointing him may specify in this behalf.