CSIR signs MoU with KVIC on promotion of honey production Khadi outlets to also display CSIR product
Dec 5, 2019 (New Delhi)
CSIR signs MoU with KVIC on promotion of honey production
Khadi outlets to also display CSIR products
The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) has
entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Khadi
and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) to leverage the
expertise available in CSIR with the effort of KVIC for
promotion of honey production and also to enable wider outreach
of the CSIR technologies and products. The MoU will help
formalize the working relationship between the two organizations
in areas such as honey testing, promotion of Honey Mission
alongside the CSIR Aroma Mission and the proposed CSIR
Floriculture Mission. It will also explore enlisting of CSIR
licensees in the KVIC network, display of CSIR technology
products at important KVIC outlets such that CSIR products can
reach to wider audience.
The MoU was signed by Dr. Shekhar C. Mande, Secretary,
Department for Scientific & Industrial Research and Director
General, CSIR and Shri Vinai Kumar Saxena, Chairman, KVIC here
CSIR has over the years, been pursuing R&D in various sectors
and has developed a portfolio of processes, technologies and
products in these sectors. In the agriculture and nutrition
sector, the focus has been in development of technologies and
products pertaining to medicinal and aromatic plants,
floriculture and food processing.
Amongst its various activities aimed at the development of
Khadi and other village industries in rural areas, the KVIC is
implementing Honey Mission for introducing and popularizing
modern beekeeping in the rural areas.
CSIR signs MoU with BHEL to push 'Make in India' initiative
Dec 5, 2019 (New Delhi)
CSIR signs MoU with BHEL to push 'Make in India'
Water purification / sewage disposal related technologies
to be the first joint project
CSIR and BHEL have signed an MoU to cooperate, collaborate
and pursue industrial application oriented research programmes
and its commercialization in large scale. Thus, indigenously
developed technologies by CSIR shall be commercialised &
implemented jointly by BHEL & CSIR in the country, to make the
Government of India initiative "Make in India" successful. The
first joint project to be taken up under this collaboration
shall be for commercialization by BHEL of various water
purification / sewage disposal related technologies developed by
CSIR. The MoU will remain in force for five years duration.
The MoU was signed by Dr. Shekhar C. Mande, Secretary,
Department for Scientific & Industrial Research and Director
General, CSIR and Dr. Nalin Shinghal, Chairman & Managing
Director, BHEL here today.
CSIR, the premier R&D organisation of the country, is amongst
the foremost scientific and industrial research organisation of
the world while BHEL is one of India's largest engineering and
manufacturing enterprise in executing large Engineering,
Procurement, Construction (EPC) contracts and commercializing
the developed technologies for sustainable business solutions in
the field of energy, industry, transmission, transportation
renewables, defence & aerospace, oil & gas, water, energy
storage and e-mobility.
NEC, CSIR sign MoU to Use AI, ML based Solutions for Society like Water Shortages, Energy, Agri
Dec 3, 2019 (New Delhi)
NEC, CSIR sign MoU to Use AI, ML based Solutions for
Society like Water Shortages, Energy, Agri
NEC Technologies India (NECTI), a subsidiary of NEC
Corporation (TSE: 6701), and the Council of Scientific &
Industrial Research (CSIR) signed an MoU to collaborate in the
development of innovative solutions using big data analytics and
High-Performance Computing (HPC).
Under this collaboration, NECTI and CSIR will jointly harness
the capabilities of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
in data science to solve critical issues plaguing society in
areas including water shortages, energy, agriculture, healthcare
and social security.
NECTI and CSIR plan to set up a Center of Excellence to
create and test new solutions. It will also facilitate local
talent development, particularly in the areas of big data
analytics and machine learning.
Mr. Takayuki Inaba, Managing Director, NECTI said, "This
collaboration between NECTI and the Council of Scientific &
Industrial Research combines our strengths and expertise and
will help spur the development of innovative solutions across
verticals such as Smart City, Smart Healthcare and Smart
Agriculture in India. We are proud to be a part of this joint
effort to empower India?s businesses and its citizens."
Dr Shekhar Mande, DG, CSIR and Secretary said, "We are
delighted to partner with NEC Technologies India and believe
that this cooperation will open up new avenues of research. We
look forward to a fruitful collaboration as we work towards
building a safe and secure society."
Headquartered in Japan, NEC brings more than 100 years of
expertise in technological innovation to provide solutions for
empowering people, businesses and society.
NEC started operations in India in the 1950s, accelerating
its growth through the expansion of business to global markets.
NEC in India expanded its business from telecommunications to
public safety, logistics, transportation, retail, finance,
unified communication and IT platforms, serving across
governments, businesses as well as individuals. With its Centre
of Excellence for analytics platform solutions, big data,
biometrics, mobile and retail, NEC in India offers innovative
new services and solutions for India and global markets. NEC
operates across India with offices in New Delhi (head office),
Noida, Mumbai, Chennai, and Bengaluru.
NEC is a registered trademark of NEC Corporation. All Rights
Reserved. Other product or service marks mentioned herein are
the trademarks of their respective owners.
The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), known
for its cutting edge R&D knowledgebase in diverse S&T areas, is
a contemporary R&D organization. Having a pan-India presence,
CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39
outreach centres, 3 Innovation Complexes and 5 units. CSIR?s R&D
expertise and experience is embodied in about 4600 active
scientists supported by about 8000 scientific and technical
CSIR covers a wide spectrum of science and technology - from
radio and space physics, oceanography, geophysics, chemicals,
drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining,
aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and
information technology. It provides significant technological
intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts which
include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing,
energy, farm and non-farm sectors. Further, CSIR's role in S&T
human resource development is noteworthy.
CSIR is ranked at 84th among 4851 institutions worldwide and
is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global
institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking
World Report 2014. CSIR holds the 17th rank in Asia and leads
the country at the first position.
Mobile app to measure realtime noise levels, track source using GPS by CSIR-NEERI researchers
Nov 28, 2019 (New Delhi)
Mobile app to measure realtime noise levels, track source
using GPS by CSIR-NEERI researchers
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) noise
pollution is the third most hazardous environmental type of
pollution after air and water pollution and researchers always
face problems while monitoring noise. To solve these types of
issues, researchers from the Council of Scientific and
Industrial Research-National Environmental Engineering Research
Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Nagpur, have developed a unique Noise
Tracker Application to measure realtime noise levels using
The Noise Tracker App has two important functions - Noise
Monitoring and Data Entry options.The Noise Monitoring feature
allows users to record noise levels at any point in time. The
app can measure and display the minimum, maximum and average
decibel levels. With this it also has the ability to locate
geographically the source of noise using the Global Positioning
The data handling and management of field data feature
comprises of keeping records of GPS locations, noting noise
levels for sites, inputting comments for false reading, etc.
"As commercial noise meters are mostly not as user-friendly
as smartphones are, the app data management utility option
manages the data along with geographic locations very
efficiently, and can be instantly shared with various options
such as email, WhatsApp etc. In this section the user can
calculate the insertion loss for any proposed barrier to curb
noise pollution," said Dr Satish Lokhande, Sr. Technical
The app has another feature called 'Map it'. Once field
monitoring is over, with this feature one can generate a study
map of the site. It shows all the tagged locations along with
noise levels and permissible limits.Once the app is downloaded
on the smartphone, it uses GPS to find the user's location, and
the mobile microphone records noise levels in the surroundings
and displays readings on the screen. The user can record noise
levels for various locations in the city and view the data in a
tabular form, or have it visualized with the help of a map.
"Within 2 months, the app has shown significant performance
by having 1,000+ downloads not only in India but also in several
other countries like the USA, China, Italy, Australia and many
more. It has a Google Play Store rating of 4.9. We are in the
process of filing copyrights for the app," said Dr Lokhande. He
added that there is a plan to introduce the Noise Tracker App on
the iOS platform for iPhone users.
Besides the common population, this app may be useful for
officials from organisations such as State Pollution Control
Boards and other private environmental consultancy services
providers for noise data management. Manthan Kolhe and Mohindra
Jain are two other members of the team who worked on the
development of the app.
India to use artificial intelligence and 100 PF supercomputer to improve weather prediction
Nov 26, 2019 (New Delhi)
India to use artificial intelligence and 100 PF
supercomputer to improve weather prediction
A four day International Workshop on Prediction skill of
extreme Precipitation events and tropical cyclones: Present
status and future Prospect (IP4) & Annual Climate Change
Workshop began here today with the Union Secretary for Earth
Sciences, Dr. M. Rajeevan, announcing various new initiatives of
the Ministry for improving weather and climate forecasts and
services in the country.
"With better modelling, observations and data assimilation,
we have improved weather forecasting services in the recent
years. We have invested a lot in numerical weather prediction
under Monsoon Mission which has resulted in a reliable dynamical
modelling framework for predicting monsoon on different scales,"
said Dr. Rajeevan while talking about improving prediction of
extreme weather events and tropical cyclones.
"Our ensemble Global forecast system (GFS) developed for
providing short to medium range weather prediction at a very
high resolution of 12 km is the best in the world. This 12 km
GFS system enables the country to make many new societal
initiatives such as block-level agri forecast, extreme rainfall
forecast, wind and energy forecast, fog prediction and forest
fire forecast. Our extended range forecast system providing
prediction of rainfall about 2-3 weeks in advance is finding
many applications in various sectors. Our seasonal coupled
forecast system with a high resolution of 32 km is also the best
in the world in providing reliable monsoon forecast. Some issues
are there which we are constantly trying to improve to make our
forecasts better. We are working to improve the model enabling
it to better capture Indian Ocean teleconnection that plays an
important role, in addition to El Nino, in the Indian monsoon,"
Dr. Rajeevan added.
"We have seen five cyclones this year and all were predicted
well in advance, saving life and property. Such longer lead
forecasts of cyclones with higher accuracy for cyclogenesis,
intensity, track and landfall has been possible particularly
with this 12 km GFS model," said Dr. Rajeevan.
"We are soon going to publish a national climate change
assessment report on the lines of IPCC report. But this report
will be India specific in its approach and will provide climate
change projections from the Indian Earth System Model (ESM),"
said Dr. Rajeevan.
He also informed that weather and climate community in India
is assimilating about 250 GB of ocean-land-atmosphere data by
using state of the art data assimilation methods.
"To improve weather services further, we need to do more of
vertical profiling of various meteorological parameters. For
this, we are going to increase our radar observational network
to have 50 radars in the next two years. More wind profilers and
microwave radiometers will be added in the network. To further
expand our observational network, we have acquired 100 acres of
land in Bhopal to establish a state of the art Atmospheric
Research Testbed (ART) laboratory in the central India. ART will
help in improving physical parameterisation to enable the model
to do better forecasting in the Indian context," he added.
"Society needs information about extreme weather events at
least 7 days in advance which we are yet to achieve. We are
working to provide impact based forecast to society that will
tell people about how it will impact their lives. To achieve
this, we are going to use artificial intelligence and machine
learning to help in improving our understanding of weather and
climate phenomena and their forecasting. The Ministry is also
working on augmenting the existing supercomputing facility to
100 petaflops (PF) in the next 2 years," said Dr. Rajeevan while
speaking on the occasion.
Prof. Kerry Emanuel from MIT, USA; Prof. Graeme Stephens from
JPL, NASA, USA; Prof. Ravi S. Nanjundiah, Director, IITM, Pune,
Dr. R. Krishan, Executive Director, Centre for Climate Change
Research at IITM, Dr. P. Mukhopadhyay, Convener of the
conference also called for more research, modelling, and
observational efforts for improving prediction skill of extreme
weather events and tropical cyclones.
The workshop is being organised by the Indian Institute of
Tropical Meteorology, Pune under the aegis of the Ministry of
Earth Sciences, Govt. of India.
ISRO successfully launches CARTOSAT-3, 13 US Nanosatellites
Nov 27, 2019 (Sriharikota)
ISRO successfully launches CARTOSAT-3, 13 US
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Wednesday
successfully injected into orbit its earth imaging and mapping
satellite CARTOSAT-3 along with 13 commercial nanosatellites
from the United States.
With cloudy skies in the back ground, the 44.4 metre tall
PSLV C47 rocket lifted off majestically at 9:28 AM from the
second launch pad at this spaceport here.
CARTOSAT-3, India's most complex and advanced earth imaging
satellite built so far, was placed into orbit 17 minutes and 46
seconds after lift-off, the immediate mission after
Chandrayaan-2, where the lander crashed while making a soft
descent on the lunar surface on September 7. "All the 13
nanosatellites from the US were released into the orbit at 26
minutes and 56 seconds after lift-off," ISRO said.
ISRO Chairman K Sivan and other scientists broke into cheers
as the earth imaging and mapping satellite was injected
precisely into the desired orbit.
Later, speaking from the Mission Control Centre, Sivan said,
"I am extremely happy to declare that PSLV-C47 precisely
injected CARTOSAT-3 and 13 customer satellites successfully in
the desired orbit of 509 kms." "CARTOSAT-3 is India?s highest
resolution civilian satellite, and the most complex and advanced
earth observation satellite ISRO has built so far," he said.
He also congratulated the teams behind both the satellite as
well as the launch vehicle, besides various review teams and
industry partners involved in the mission. On future missions,
the ISRO chief said, "Our hands are full," with 13 missions
slated upto March 2020. "They combine some six launch vehicle
missions and seven satellite missions," he said.
Team ISRO will rise to the occasion and meet challenges and
make every mission a grand success, a beaming Sivan said as
relief was writ large on his face since the earlier mission
Chandrayaan-2 did not yield the desired results.
With an overall mass of 1,625 kg, CARTOSAT-3 would address
increased user's demands for large scale urban planning, rural
resource and infrastructure development, coastal land use and
land cover. It will also serve military purposes. PSLV-C47 is
the 21st flight of PSLV in 'XL' configuration (with 6 solid
The 13 commercial nanosatellites from the US are being
carried as part of commercial arrangement with NewSpace India
Limited (NSIL) of the Department of Space. Among the 13
commercial nanosatellites are FLOCK-4P, 12 in numbers, with
mission objective of earth observation, and one satellite named
MESHBED, whose objective is communication test bed.
ISRO has said this would be the 74th launch vehicle mission
from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. The PSLV is in
its 49th mission while PSLV-XL variant on its 21st mission.
CASRTOSAT-3 is the ninth in the Cartosat series and today's
launch is the fifth for ISRO in 2019.
The diabetic population in the country is close to hitting
the alarming mark of 69.9 million by 2025, which denotes that
the country is expected to witness an increase of 266%.
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), through
its constituent laboratories namely CSIR-Central Institute of
Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (CSIR-CIMAP), Lucknow; and CSIR-
National Botanical Research Institute (CSIR-NBRI), Lucknow
developed scientifically validated herbal product NBRMAP-DB as
anti-diabetic formulation and the knowhow for the product was
licensed to M/s AIMIL Pharma Ltd., Delhi who are manufacturing
and marketing it as BGR-34, across the country.
M/s AIMIL Pharmaceuticals, the licensee carried out the
clinical study of BGR-34 and the trial was registered in
clinical trial registry of India (Registration number:
CTRI/2016/11/007476). Further, the formulation has shown
therapeutic efficacy for treating newly diagnosed type 2
diabetes, as found in independent clinical trials conducted at
Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi.
The Central of Research in Ayurveda Sciences (CCRAS), and
autonomous body under Ministry of AYUSH has been engaged in
extending research oriented Ayurveda based on integrative health
care services for the management of Madhumeha which is Diabetes
Mellitus. The following are the core activities
CCRAS in collaboration with Directorate General of Health
Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has implemented
and executed a programme viz. Integration of AYUSH (Ayurveda)
component with NPCDCS(National Programme for Prevention and
Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases & Stroke )
programme in the identified districts of 3 states viz. Bhilwara
(Rajasthan), Surendranagar (Gujarat) and Gaya (Bihar) to cater
health care services and to reduce the burden of NCDs including
Diabetes by combining the strength of Ayurveda and Yoga. The
programme was launched during 2016 and continuing in 3 districts
viz. Bhilwara (Rajasthan), Surendranagar (Gujarat) and Gaya
(Bihar). The aforesaid programme is now successfully functional
in 52 centres (49 CHCs and 3 District Hospitals) of the all 3
identified districts, through AYUSH- NPCDCS Clinic/Lifestyle
modification Clinics, established for prevention and management
of selected NCDs by Ayurvedic intervention, Lifestyle
modifications and Yoga Advice.
CCRAS had developed the AYUSH82 formulation for diabetes
through scientific process of drug development and
commercialized through National Research Development Corporation
(NRDC) for wider public utility.
Generation of evidences on efficacy & safety of classical
Ayurveda formulation on Diabetes Mellitus. CCRAS has done
efficacy and safety on formulations viz. Nishamalki churna,
Saptvinsti Gugullu, Yasad bhasm, Guduchi churna, Chandraprabha
vati, Haridra churna anmd Gokshuradi Gugullu.
CCRAS has published the documents viz. Protocol on
Prevention and Management for Diabetes Mellitus and compendium
on research articles on Diabetes Mellitus which are made
available in the public domain for benefit of practitioner's,
physician and researchers
This information was given by the Minister of State
(Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in
written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.
CSIR signs MoU for upgradation of advanced technologies
Nov 29, 2019 (New Delh)
CSIR signs MoU for upgradation of advanced
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed by the Centre
for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), an autonomous
Scientific Society of the Ministry of Electronics and
Information Technology (MeitY) and Council of Scientific and
Industrial Research (CSIR). The MoU is for pursuing cooperation
related to upgradation and modernization of the CSIR-TKDL
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library, Information and
Communication Technologies (ICT) and allied platform(s),
including advanced technologies such as Big Data Analytics,
Artificial Intelligence, mobile applications, Information
Processing Tools, Techniques and Language Technology
Standardization covering both Indian and foreign languages.
Through this cooperation, CSIR and C-DAC shall jointly work
towards updating and modernizing the CSIR-TKDL ICT
infrastructure to align with the demands of the time, while also
looking towards positioning the TKDL for easy adaptation to
emerging and futuristic technologies. It is an initiative of
India to prevent misappropriation of country's traditional
medicinal knowledge at International Patent Offices.
CSIR jointly with Department of AYUSH in 2001, developed the
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL), an internationally
recognized proprietary database on Indian traditional knowledge
for preventing bio-piracy and misappropriation. The TKDL
contains in a digitized format, information from books related
to Indian systems of medicine and health - Ayurveda, Unani,
Siddha, Yoga and Sowa Rigpa available in public domain, and is
available in five international languages (English, French,
German, Spanish and Japanese).
The TKDL is a global first and has been serving effectively
as a prior art database of traditional knowledge for preventing
wrongful grant of patents related to traditional knowledge. In
2005, the TKDL expert group estimated that about 2000 wrong
patents concerning Indian systems of medicine were being granted
every year at international level, mainly due to the fact that
India's traditional medicinal knowledge which exists in local
languages such as Sanskrit, Hindi, Arabic, Urdu, Tamil etc. is
neither accessible nor comprehensible for patent examiners at
the international patent offices.
It is a collaborative project between CSIR, Ministry of
Science and Technology and Department of Ayurveda, Yoga &
Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of
Health and Family Welfare.
The MoU was signed by Col. A.K. Nath (Retd), Executive
Director (Corporate Strategy), C-DAC and Dr. Viswajanani J
Sattigeri, Scientist-H and Head, CSIR-Traditional Knowledge
Digital Library (CSIR-TKDL) Unit in the presence of senior
officials from both the organizations.
Researchers develop method for manufacturing optical components
Nov 26, 2019 (New Delhi)
Researchers develop method for manufacturing optical
Freeform optics is a emerging field of optics and it has a
great potential in many fields. A group of researchers from
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research-Central
Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIR-CSIO) Chandigarh and
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi have developed a
method that would help in manufacturing of optical components
including simple shape optics to freeform optics by ultra-
precision machining process and various related issues.
Currently manufacturing of complicated optical components
such as freeform optics is very difficult due to its complicated
shape and required high precision. Many other components are
imported from other countries due to lack of research in optics
fabrication domain in India. Ultra-precision machining is one of
the optics fabrication techniques. "This research work would
help in understanding the various issues affecting the
performance of ultra-precision machining process. The work is
helpful to develop the freeform surface with nanometric surface
finish and sub-micron profile accuracies" said Dr Vinod Mishra,
researcher from CSIR-CSIO.
With the help of developed process precision molds can be
fabricated which can be utilized for mass production (molding is
the process to develop the large quantities) and to cater the
future needs of indigenous development of such optical
components. Where ultra-precision machining process is used to
make the material is removed from the surface in very controlled
manner usually micrometre scale. "The material is removed with
very sharp diamond cutting tool. Various parameters like
vibrations, thermal issues, environmental conditions, machining
conditions etc are affecting the surface quality. We have to
minimize the effect of all these factors while we are targeting
the nanometric surface quality", told Dr Mishra.
Freeform optics is a technique that is used in development of
high-quality optical systems. Conventional lenses and mirrors
have a simple shape that is either concave or convex and they
have their limitations too. They cannot produce certain light-
beam paths so lenses and mirrors with a more complex aspherical
or freeform surface are needed. These shapes could be a lens
shaped like a saddle or a banana.
These are also used in various other fields like medical,
defense, data storage and aerospace industries. Freeform optics
is an advanced version of optical fibers. The basic difference
between freeform optics and optical fibers is that optical fiber
is a cylindrical shape dielectric waveguide (nonconducting
waveguide) that transmits light along its axis, by the process
of total internal reflection. Whereas freeform optics has
asymmetrical shapes and they have no translational or rotational
Optical fiber is used by many telecommunications companies to
transmit telephone signals, Internet communication and cable
television signals. It is also used in a multitude of other
industries, including medical, defense/government, for data
storage, and industrial/commercial. Freeform optics his method
can also be used to develop smaller, lighter, high-resolution
lenses and mirrors. New systems containing these components can
be made smaller and lighter, which is a big plus for aerospace
instruments, medical instruments and other fields.
CSIR, CCRI harvester collects cotton without damaging bolls and plants
Nov 26, 2019 (Nagpur)
CSIR, CCRI harvester collects cotton without damaging
bolls and plants
About 12 million hectares of agricultural land in India is
under cotton cultivation while 50 lakh ha in Maharashtra grows
it, mainly the Bt Cotton. The gigantic task of harvesting the
crop from such large number of plants is done manually,
involving huge manpower and several days.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR),
through its West Bengal-based Central Mechanical Engineering
Research Institute (CMERI) and city-headquartered Central Cotton
Research Institute (CCRI), have developed a prototype to harvest
the crop within a couple of hours with minimum human effort.
CMERI's senior scientist Ajay Yadav, who is the brain behind
the prototype, told TOI that the harvester will not only save
time but also prevent damage to plants and immature bolls. The
machine also allows more than one picking for late maturing
bolls. The speed will protect standing crops from sudden change
is weather too. In October, farmers in Maharashtra suffered
damages to standing crops when unseasonal rains lashed their
"For single head picking, the productivity is 0.25 hectare
per hour. It is purely mechanical picking and suitable for Bt
cotton plants having 3 to 4 foot height," said Yadav. Normally,
more than one day is required to collect cotton from mature
bolls from a same size field.
The trials were held at CCRI's campus in Nagpur. "The machine
has 432 spindles which rotate at 3000 to 4000rpm. The cotton
gets sucked in and the doffer pads wipe the spindle before
sending the cotton on one side. For now, we used simple mesh
baskets," he said.
The prototype was attached to a tractor and it was taken over
the plants. "To use the machine, farmers will have to grow
plants by leaving some space for the wheels of the machine and
its vehicle. A bigger machine can take in three to four rows at
a time," Yadav said.
The scientist, under the central government's science and
technology department, is trying to design a tractor mounted
machine. "This prototype is attached to the tractor. The
tractor-mounted cotton picking machine will have an inbuilt
cotton picking head collection system and storage," he said.
Yadav said the prototype can be converted into a big machine
- a complete cotton harvester. "This was for demonstration. The
machine was developed in Ludhiana and brought to Nagpur," he
The research bodies are now planning to introduce a conveying
system to collect cotton from large fields. The cost for
prototype was Rs10 to 12 lakh for a single head. "Industrial
production will bring down the cost of a complete harvester.
Yet, it can be used on a rental basis rather than owning it,"
HOW IT WORKS
"Machine picks only mature cotton bolls while unopened ones
and plant are not damaged bolls
The machine can complete picking in 0.25 hectare per hour
while manual collection takes longer time
Machine is mounted on a tractor
It has spindles which suck cotton by rotating at high
The doffer pads wife spindles and puts cotton on one
Other CSIR participants in Agrovision 2019
CSIR-CIMAP, Lucknow, showcased improved varieties of lemon
grass and palmarosa. Various herbal products, including skin
care, hair care, mosquito repellent, nutraceuticals,
disinfectants etc were also showcased
CSIR-IHBT demonstrated a potential of Stevia cultivation in
Vidarbha which is known as sweet herb of Paraguay and 300 times
sweeter than sucrose
CSIR-NBRI exhibited the biofertilizers, bioplastics and
herbal products, including gulal, dye, soft drinks, chocolates,
CSIR-CFTRI apprised farmers about bakery, beverage, cereal,
fruit and vegetable products
CSIR-NEERI exhibited its work on the green corridor
development on national highway between Jam and Hinghanghat in
DRDO offers 450 patents for free access to industries
Nov 21, 2019 (Hyderabad)
DRDO offers 450 patents for free access to
In a bold move, the Defence Research and Development
Organisation (DRDO) has put its over 450 patents for free access
to industries for commercial exploitation. The unprecedented
move is intended to provide a boost to domestic industries,
especially in the strategic sector through free access to
patents held by the DRDO, which has a network of over 50
national laboratories, involved in research and development.
As per a new policy, the DRDO, under the Ministry of Defence
will offer complete access to its patents filed in India without
any licensing or royalty fees. It has displayed both the
procedure and the complete list of technologies on its
The technologies, relating to missiles, life sciences,
electronics and communications, naval and aeronautics systems,
combat engineering, electronics, armaments. among others, have
military applications and some have spin offs that can be
transferred to commercial market.
The DRDO has taken the lead as other leading R&D bodies like
the Council of Scientific Industrial Research (CSIR), Department
of Space, National Research and Development Corporation (NRDC),
Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Indian Council of
Agricultural Research (ICAR), which have portfolios of national
and international patents offer them for a fee and royalty.
It is welcome step for start ups, entrepreneurs and
industries. "It's better to offer some patents free than keeping
them in the shelf and pay hefty protection fee for its lifetime.
After all, commercial exploitation is the key factor that should
determine patents", experts told BusinessLine.
'Not the first time'
In 2000, when George Fernandes was the Defence Minister and
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was the Principal Scientific Advisor to the
Government, the DRDO in collaboration with the Confederation of
Indian Industry (CII) organised a major industry meet to
transfer technologies in the DRDO laboratory network. The CII
members were given access to potential technologies of the DRDO
labs for commercial exploitation. The move was promising, but
did not yield much result.
Over 15 years ago, Dow Chemicals, the global multinational
chemical giant had in a similar move put out thousands of its
patents for access to Universities in a bid to encourage further
developments and commercial utilisation.
How to Apply:
The industry must apply with a fee of Rs.1000, along with
relevant technical and financial details. It will then be
screened by an expert committee and if eligible a non-exclusive
license for one year will be granted.
Earlier, the Defence Ministry had formulated Transfer of
Technology Policy, Make in India initiative, and Defence
Production Policy to encourage domestic industries.
DRDO-Industry Synergy Meet
A one day "DRDO-Industry Synergy Summit 2019" will be held at
the Research Centre Imarat (RCI) Hyderabad on Friday. Nearly 300
small, medium and large industries are expected to take
The topics of discussions include latest policy framework and
opportunities created, high technology collaborations and
defence manufacturing, defence export and a Panel discussion on
challenges and opportunities for Indian industries.
Smart microscopy solution for better diagnostics from CSIR lab
Nov 18, 2019 (New Delhi)
Smart microscopy solution for better diagnostics from CSIR
Given the current health burden and scarcity of health
professionals in rural areas, the Indian health system is in
need of innovative and affordable solutions. There is lack of
diagnostic labs and trained pathologists in many areas. In such
a situation, it is necessary to develop smart solution for
To address these challenges, a smart microscopy solution has
been developed by researchers at Chandigarh-based Central
Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIO) of the Council of
Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). It can acquire
microscopic images or use stored microscopic images of blood
sample under study for the quantification of Red Blood Cells
(RBC) and White Blood Cells (WBC).
"It is a telepathology based technique, which can be operated
by any technician and the reports can be send to the experts. It
can be a very useful tool particularly for remote and
inaccessible rural areas which lack diagnostic facilities," said
Dr Suman Tiwari, the lead researcher, while speaking with India
This microscopy technique is based on the deep learning
algorithm. It uses the mathematical formulation which can be
used as optimised model for optimal outputs. It uses software
that calculates red and white blood cells using microscopic
images of blood samples. The existing methods are visual, manual
methods but this technique will use automated visual method. In
this, the microscope will have a camera mounted on it and from
that camera images will be acquired. These images are then read
in computers where the backend algorithm can produce tell the
results. In this approach, detection and quantification for RBC
and subtypes of WBC has shown 93% accuracy. The software can be
mounted on a digital microscope developed by CSIO.
Dr Tiwari said "the system has been trained on data obtained
from different clinical centers for lab-specific quantification.
It can be developed an integrated approach and automated
solution for real-time quantification of blood cells in
diagnostic inferencing." This microscopy technique was
demonstrated in the Medical Innovations category at the Health
Research Conclave held recently under the India International
Science Festival-2019 in Kolkata, where the technique has won
CSIO Director Prof. R. Sinha congratulated the researchers
who developed this microscopy technique, saying that "limited
access of equipment and experts for diagnostic testing of
diseases to India's vast population and people living in remote
areas is a major problem. This smart technology can be useful in
ensuring access to affordable and accessible diagnostic
The technology of this digital microscope has recently been
transferred to a Hyderabad-based company.
No room for irrationality in science: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research chief
Oct 31, 2019 (Kolkata)
No room for irrationality in science: Council of
Scientific and Industrial Research chief
There is no room for 'pseudo-science' in any scientific
pursuit, and Indian scientists are committed to methods and
enquiry that have nothing to do with irrationality, according to
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) director
general Shekhar C Mande.
Speaking at a curtain raiser for the 5th India International
Science Festival (IISF) that begins in the city on November 5,
Mande - who is also secretary of the department of scientific
and industrial research, Government of India - stressed that the
basic principles of science can never be compromised to
accommodate illogical theories.
"We believe in science and enquiry and there are methods that
our scientists follow. There is no need to debate anything and
you can see the way our scientists are working," Mande said when
asked to comment on remarks regarding the use of science in
ancient India made by ministers in the recent past.
"Everyone has the right to speak but it's also true that many
great discoveries have been made in India in the past. It has
taken a long time for the world to accept them. J C Bose was not
credited for many of his works that he did here in Kolkata.
While the zero was discovered in India, the famous dancing girl
figurine of the Mohenjodaro civilization was made of cast alloy
that proves India had the technology to mix metals then. There
is no pseudo-science in these, and they should be known to the
world," said Mande.
He added that science didn't exclude the common man. "A lay
person can discover something which scientists may have
overlooked. That is the true spirit of science."
The CSIR director general added that Kolkata had a great
talent pool in science and the standard of science here had not
gone down. "Other than great scientists from other places like
Ronald Ross, JBS Haldane and CV Raman who have done great work
in Kolkata, there have been stalwarts like J C Bose and S N Bose
who have done the city proud. That apart, there are countless
scientists from Kolkata who are not known but continue to
contribute to science. This is why we have chosen Kolkata as the
IISF venue," said Mande. He added that Kolkata is still a centre
of excellence in science.
The IISF will feature 28 events across six venues that
include Biswa Bangla Convention Centre, SRFTI, Indian Institute
of Chemical Biology, Science City and Bose Institute. A large
contingent of scientists and technocrats, and ministers are
expected to attend from around the country.
A global Indian Scientists' and Technocrats' meet and an
International Science Film Festival of India are among the
events. There will also be a start-up conclave, a Nav Bharat
Nirman conference on ideas in science and an agricultural
scientists' meet. More than 250 films have been selected for
screening. Several science filmmakers, science communicators and
storytellers will attend the festival.
Reiterating Mande's views, Vigyan Prasar director Nakul
Parashar said science was 'binary in nature' and there was no
room for baseless views. "There can only be a zero or 1 in
science. It's that simple and everything in science is plain,"
he said. Vigyan Prasar is the nodal agency for IISF.
Government of India committed to Safeguard IP content: Commerce Secretary
Oct 16, 2019 (New Delhi)
Government of India committed to Safeguard IP content:
SEPC Launches India IP Guide at Cannes in MIPCOM
Services Exports Promotion Council (SEPC), set-up by the
Ministry of Commerce & Industry, has brought out the India
Intellectual Property (IP) Guide at Cannes in MIPCOM 2019, being
held from 14-17, October 2019, for the Media and Entertainment
(M&E) industry. The guide features a catalogue of over 60 Indian
IPs, popular in over 160 countries. It comprehensively breaks
the narrative of only low-end work being done in India.
In a message, to the industry in the India IP Guide released
at 36th MIPCOM at Cannes, Commerce Secretary, Anup Wadhawan,
said that the Government of India is committed to safeguard
against infringement of originality and creativity of the makers
to give a boost to services exports. IP is the most important
asset for its creators in the media and entertainment sector and
the message by Commerce Secretary further said that India firmly
believes in the significance of IPR as the centrepiece of the
industry's future growth.
For the second consecutive year, SEPC's India Pavilion at
MIPCOM, Cannes, France, the world's largest content market, has
enthused and attracted industry. Over 60 Indian delegates are
part of the India Pavilion delegation. Over 115 Indian companies
comprising over 250 delegates are at MIPCOM.
Sangeeta Godbole, Director General, SEPC informed that some
of the top renowned Indian Media and Entertainment companies are
present at MIPCOM. Exhibition space has been increased over last
year and 15 media and companies are participating for the
first-time through the SEPC delegation at the India Pavilion,
The Indian exhibitors and visiting companies are
participating to buy, sell, serve and partner with companies
present at MIPCOM from over 111 countries across the world.
India Pavilion is the one-stop place to meet content creators,
audio visual service providers in animation, VFX, AR/VR, gaming,
new media services, film production services and much more.
Many of the Indian companies are here with their completed IPs
or pitch for their in-production properties.
One of the key objectives at SEPC is to facilitate service
exporters of India and handhold medium and small enterprises to
expand their global footprint and to present IPs from India to
the buyers and distributors from across the globe. The IP Guide
is to illustrate strengths of the Indian content creators.
Intellectual Property (IP), especially in the innovation
economy of today, is vital to a large number of SEPC's
stakeholders. Creation, protection and expansion of IP products
alone will bring huge benefits to the sector, informed Sangeeta
In the coming months, SEPC plans to launch an online IP
helpline, so that anybody who has simple questions can get
feedback on IP related queries. SEPC will also be setting up a
committee to help small and medium entertainment companies to
navigate critical aspects of IP creation. The aim is to assist
companies and content creators to maximise the value that IPs
The 'green' crackers reduce particulate emissions by 30 per
cent and are available at the same cost as the traditional ones,
some of them even cheaper.
Minister for Science and Technology and Earth Sciences Harsh
Vardhan on Saturday launched a set of new crackers that promises
to help reduce particulate emissions by 30 per cent while
producing the same level of light and sound effects of
The new firework, which covers popularly used sound-emitting
crackers, flowerpots, pencils, chakkar and sparklers, are based
on formulations developed by a consortium of eight laboratories
under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
led by Nagpur-based National Environmental Engineering Research
Launching the 'green' crackers at a press conference, Harsh
Vardhan said the crackers would be available at the same cost as
the traditional ones. "Some of them may even be cheaper," he
He noted that about 230 firework manufacturers had signed the
memorandum of understanding for using the formulations developed
by CSIR scientists. Of them, 165 have gone further and have also
entered into a non-disclosure agreement.
CSIR had taken up the project to develop eco-friendly
crackers in the wake of directions of the Supreme Court
restricting the use of fireworks to address the growing problem
of pollution in different parts of the country.
The project adopted a two-pronged approach. While one stream
of activity was focussed on improving the traditional crackers
through reduction in the level of Barium Nitrate, which is the
main villain, the second pathway aimed at replacing Barium
Nitrate with a more benign Potassium Nitrate.
As part of the exercise, the scientists also set up a new
facility that could be used by manufacturers to characterise the
raw material and analyse the compositions of the chemicals used
The Minister said that the new and improved crackers had been
demonstrated to manufacturers and their associations such as
Tamil Nadu Fireworks and Amorces Manufacturers Association and
Indian Fireworks Manufacturers Association, besides the Central
Pollution Control Board and Petroleum And Explosives Safety
Organisation, which is responsible for controlling transport,
storage and usage of all explosive materials.
Besides National Environmental Engineering Research
Institute, the consortium consisted of Central Electrochemical
Engineering Research Institute, Indian Institute of Toxicology
Research, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, National
Chemical Laboratory, Central Electronics Engineering Research
Institute, National Botanical Research Institute and Central
Mechanical Engineering Research Institute.
Harsh Vardhan said the new set of crackers would have a
prominent green logo to differentiate them from the conventional
ones. Further, it would carry QR code for monitoring. Scanning
of the code would provide all information about the product,
including the chemicals and the process used.